Woman Vice Premiers 1990-99

Worldwide Guide to Women in Leadership


This is a list of the women who have been deputy leaders of governments, some with and some without the title of Deputy Premier. Many have been acting Premier Ministers on various occasions. 

1989-90 Nadya Asparukhova, Bulgaria

1990 Prof. Nora Krachunova Ananieva, Bulgaria   

Deputy Chairperson of the City Council of Sofia 1967-71, afterwards director of International Affairs of the University of Sofia. From 1991 Parliamentary Leader of the Socialists and 1995-97 Deputy President of the National Assembly. (b. 1938-).

1990-91 Carmen Pereira, Guinea Bissau

Minister of State in charge of various Portfolios. Also former President of the Parliament and Acting Head of State.  More details in Presidents.

1991 Marie-Michelle Rey, Haïti
Second Minister in Cabinet, Minister of Finance.  

1991-92 Bikhodzhal Fatkhitdinovna Rakhimova, the Union of Socialist Soviet Republics  
A secretary of the Tajik Party Central Committee, she was Vice-Chairperson of the Council of Ministers in Charge of Social Policies.

1992-93 and 1997-2007 Paulette Moussavou Missambo, Gabon

Minister of State on the two occasions and Minister of Education 1991-2002, from 1999 also Minister of Labour, Employment and Professional Training, Minister of Civil Aviation and Transport 2002-04 and Minister of Health 2004-07.

1992-94 Lagle Parek, Estonia

1983-86 Political Prisoner, 1986-89 House Arrest,1988-93 Leader of National Independence Party (ERSP),1992 Presidential Candidate.1992-94 Minister of the Interior (Second in cabinet) (b. 1944-).

1992-96 Harriet Lindeman, Åland  

Vicelantråd and Minister of Education and Culture until 1999 and afterwards Minister of  Social Affairs, Health and Environment until 2001. 1996-2001 also Chairperson of Frisinnad Samvirkan på Åland (Conservatives). (b. 1946-).

1993-96 Mimi Jakobsen, Denmark

MP since 1977, Deputy Chairperson of the Parliamentary Group 1980-81, Political Spokesperson 1981-82, 1988-92 and since 1998 of the Centrums Demokraterne, 1982-84 Minister of Cultural Affairs, 1986-88 of Social Affairs and in 1987 for Greenland, 1993-94 1. Vice-Premier and Minister for Coordination of Business-Policy,  1994 Minister of Industry, 1994-96 2. Vice-Premier  and Minister of Business and Industry. 1989-2005 also Chairperson of CD. Two sons born 1981 and 1989. (b. 1948-).

1993-2001 Marianne Bruus Jelved, Denmark
She was Minister of Economic Affairs since 1993, 2. Vice-Premier 1993-94, and from 1994 1. Vice-Premier and also  Minister of Nordic Co-operation. MP since 1987, Chairperson of the Parliamentary Group 1988-93, 2001-07 and 2011-12 and Leader of the Social Liberals 1990-2007. Vice-Chairperson of the Education Committee of the Folketing 2001-07, Chairperson of the Committee of Science and Technology, Deputy Group Chairperson in 2011 and Vice-Chairperson of the Folketing and Chairperson of the Finance Committee 2011-12 and Minister of Culture from 2012 and Church Affairs from 2014. Married to Jan Jelved and mother of two children. (b. 1943-).

1993-95 Simone Veil, France
In 1974-79 she was French Minister of Health and Social Affairs, 1979-85 President and 1985-89 Vice-President  of the European Parliament, 1984-89 President of the Liberal Group of the EP, 1993-95 First Minister of State (Deputy Premier) and Minister of Housing, Social Affairs, Health, and Development of Cities. Since 1998 Member of the Constitutional Court. (b. 1927-).

1993-97 Shiela Copps, Canada  
1997-99 Third in the Cabinet
MP from 1984, 1990 Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party 1990-96. She was Minister of the Environment 1993-96 and was Minister of Communication and Minister of Multiculturalism and Citizenship in 1993 and Minister of Canadian Heritage 1996-2003. She is unmarried, and when she became mother of a daughter in 1987, she was the first sitting MP ever to give birth to a child. (b. 1952-).

1993 and 1997-2000 Ljerka Mintas Hodak, Croatia
1990 Advisor in the President’s Office, 1991-92 Head of Croatian Office with the European Union Monitoring Mission in Zagreb. 1993 she was in charge of Maritime Affairs, Transport and Communication and 1995-2000  of Social Affairs. In the same period she was also  Minister in Charge of Internal Policy, Public Services and Social Sector and  Minister of European Integration1998-2000. Until 2000 Vice-Chairperson of the HDZ-Party, the ruling party 1991-2000. (b. 1952-).

1993-94 Irena Sarishvili-Chanturia, Georgia  
Member of the Presidium of the Head Committee of the Supreme Council 1994-99, Leader 1994-99 and Group Chairperson of the National Democratic (Second largest party in Parliament) 1995-99 after the assassination of her husband Georgi Chaturia in an attack where she was herself seriously wounded. From 2003 spokesperson of the pro-Shevardnadze bloc, For a New Georgia and since 2006 Leader of the Imedi Party. (b. 1963-).

1993-96 Shulamit Aloni, Israel
Founded and was Chairperson of Civil Rights Party/Ratz 1973-95, Member of the Knesset 1974-96. 1973-74 Minister without Portfolio for Human Rights, 1992-93 Minister of Education and Culture,1992-96 Member of The National Security Council, 1993-96 Minister of Communication, Science and Art (1995-96 Second in the Cabinet). She lived (1929-2014).

1993-2001 Andrea Willi, Liechtenstein

Minister of External Relations and third in the cabinet. See profile in Female Foreign Ministers. (b. 1945-).

1993-98 and 1999-2000 Shirley Kuo Wang-jung, Taiwan
During the two periods she was third in the cabinet. 1973-77 she was Deputy Chairperson of Economic Planning Council, 1977-79 Deputy Chairperson of the Council of Economic Planning Development, 1979-88 Deputy Governor of the Central Bank of China (The  National Bank) 1988-90 Minister of Finance 1990-93 Minister of State and Chairperson of Council of Economic Development, 1993-98 Minister of State,  1998-99 Minister without Portfolio and 1999-2000 Minister of State Between  (b. 1930-).

1994 Brigitta Schmönerova, Slovakia

Vice-chairperson of Party of Democratic Left 1995-2001 Minister of Finance 1998-2002 of Finance and 1998 unsuccessful candidate for President of the Slovak Republic. (b. 1947-).

1994-95 Hristina Vucheva, Bulgaria

Also Minister of Finance. Renate Indsjovka was Premier Minister.   See profile in Female Finance  Ministers

1994-95 Mona Sahlin, Sweden
MP from 1982, 1990-91 Minister of Labour, Party Secretary of The Social Democrats 1991-94, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Equality 1994-95, 1996, Minister for Infrastructure (Industrial Development, Small Enterprises, Regional Development and Science) in the Ministry of Industry, Employment and Communication (Assisting Minister of Industry) 1998-2000, Minister of Labour, Communication, The Estonia-Catastrophe, Integration and Minorities and Urban Development in the Ministry of Industry, Employment and Communication 2002-04, Minister of Democracy, Urban Policies and Integration in the Ministry of Justice 2000-02, Minister of Equality 2003-04 and Minister for Sustainable Development (Infrastructure, Housing, Energy and Environmental Questions) 2004-05. Chairperson of the Social Democrats from 2007. Mother of 3 children. (b. 1957-)

1994-2000 and 2003- Laila Freivalds, Sweden (Third in Cabinet)
Minister of Justice 1988-90 and 1994-2000. During her second tenure she was third in the Cabinet. From 2003 Minister of Foreign Affairs and again third in cabinet. Her only daughter was born in 1986. Freivaldis was born in Estonia (b. 1942-).

1994-95 Salma Ahmed Rashed, Libya  
1992-94 Assistant Secretary for Women and 1994-95 Secretary in the General Secretariat of the General Peoples' Congress for Women's Affairs (Deputy Chief of Government). 1996 Ambassador to the League of Arab Nations as the first woman.

1994 and 1996-99 Bozgul Dodkhudoeva, Tajikistan
1993-94 Minister of Education.

1994-96 Munira Abdulloyevna Inoyatva, Tajikistan  
1993-94 Deputy Minister of Labour, 1994-99 also Minister of Education and since 1999 Presidential Advisor of Social Affairs

1994 Sirivamo Ratwatte Dias Bandaranaike, Sri Lanka

Prime Minister 1960-66 and 1970-77. When her daughter, Chandrika B. Kumaratunge became Prime Minister in 1994, she was appointed Senior Minister without Portfolios and Second in Cabinet. When Chandrika was elected President later the same year Sirivamo was appointed Prime Minister for the third time.  See profile at Premier Ministers. She lived (1916-2000).

1994-2003 Billie Miller, Barbados
1976-81 Minister of Health and Insurance, 1981-86  Education, 1985-86  of Culture, 1986-90 Leader of the Opposition Business in the Senate, Deputy Leader of the Labour Party from about 1990, Deputy Leader of the Opposition 1993-94 and Minister of Foreign Affairs 1994-2008. Chairperson of the Executive Committee of the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association 1996-99, (b. 1944-)

1994-98 Prof. Dr. Katarína Tóthová, Slovakia   
1992-94 Minister of Justice  Katarína Tóthová
1994-98 Deputy Premier Minister in Charge of the Legislature and Media Policy.

1995-96 and 1998-2002  Lena Hjelm-Walén, Sweden

Member of the Riksdag for the Social Democrats since 1969. 1973-76 Minister without Portfolio for Schools, 1982 Minister of Labour, 1982-85 Minister of Education and Culture, 1985-91 Minister of International Development in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1994-98 Minister of Foreign Affairs (from 1997 second in cabinet) and 1998-2002, Minister of Defence in 2002. (b. 1943-).

1995-99 Abad Sehedana Rezeva, Turkmenistan  
Former vice-chair of the Parliament. From 1999 minister of Education. Another version of her name is Abad Sehedovna Irzayeva Risaveva.

1995-2003 Dilbar Mukhammadkhonovna Ghulomova, Uzbekistan
Chairperson of the State Committee for Women’s Affairs 1994-2004.

1995-96 Susanna Agnelli, Italy

Foreign Minister 1995-96 she was second in Cabinet. She was also Member of the EU-Troyka of Foreign Ministers, 1996 President of the European Union Council of Ministers (1.1.-18.5.96). Further details in Female Foreign Ministers (b. 1922-).

1995-96 and 2001 Kamla Persad-Bissessar, Trinidad and Tobago
As Attorney General she was Second in the Cabinet, 1996-99 Minister of Legal Affairs, 1999-2001 Minister of Education. She did not become acting Prime Minister, though, until September 2000, as the first woman ever in the country. In 2001 she was again appointed Attorney General, but the government was replaced within a few months. Deputy Political Leader of The United National Congess from circa 2005,  Parliamentary Leader of UNC and Oppostion Leader  2006-07 and 2010 Party Leader and Prime Minister from 2010. (b. 1952-)  

1995-98 Grace Duncan, Grenada
1988-92 Minister of State for Women's Affairs  Community Development,1995-96 Minister of Tourism, Civil Aviation, Women's Affairs, Co-operatives and Social Security (Second in the Cabinet). 1996-98 Deputy Premier and  Minister of Health, Housing and Environment. She was Ambassador-at-Large for Caribbean Affairs from 1999.

1995-96 Lourina Waldron, Grenada (Third in the Cabinet)
1995-96 Minister of Education, 1996-99 Minister of Housing, Women’s Affairs and Social Security, 1999-2003 Minister of State for Communication, Works and Public Utilities and in 2003 Minister of State of Health and Environment, and MP until 2003.

1995-2000 Tarja Halonen, Finland (Third in Cabinet)
Member of Parliament 1979-2000, In 1987 she was appointed minister for the first time. As Foreign Minister she was third in the cabinet. See also Presidents.   (b. 1943-).

1996-98 Larisa Gutnichenko, Kyrgyzstan  
1995-96 Minister of Justice  and 1996-98 Deputy Premier Minister for Social and Cultural Policy.

1996-98 Mira Jangaracheva, Kyrgyzstan  
In 1992-95 Deputy Mayor of Bishkeh, 1995-96 Presidential Advisor of Social Affairs. From 1998 Minister of Labour and Social Welfare. (b. 1952-).

1996-97 Tansu Çiller, Turkey
Vice-Premier and Foreign Minister. She had been Premier Minister 1993-96  and Leader of the Right Path Party since 1993. See details at Premier Ministers.

1997-99 Taufa Vakatale, Fiji  
In 1980-92 Deputy Ambassador to United Kingdom, 1987-92 Permanent Secretary in various ministries 1993-95  and 1997 Minister of Education, Science and Technology, Women and Culture, 1997-99 Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Education and Technology. In 2000 she resigned as President of the Sogosogoni Vakavulewa ni Tauki Party (representing conservative ethnic Fijians) in protest with the party's support for the coup d’etat.

1997-2006 Mary Harney, Ireland  
Chief Whip 1988-89, Deputy Leader of the Progressive Democrats 1989-93, Minister of State of Environment 1989-92,  and Leader of the Progressive Democrats 1993-2006 and again from 2007, Deputy Premier/Tánaiste 1997-2006, Minister of Enterprise, Employment and Trade 1997-2004, and Minister of Health and Children and from 2004. (b. 1954-).

1997-2000 Martine Aubry, France
1991-93 Minister of Labour, 1997-2000 Minister of Employment and Solidarity (Second in Cabinet until 2000 when she became third), Mayor of Lille from 2001, First Secretary of the Socialist Party from 2008. Daughter of the Jacque Delors, President of the Commission of the European Communities 1985-93 and former minister. Mother of one child. (b. 1950-).

1997-2002 Elisabeth Guigou, France

1991-93 Minister-Delegate of Foreign Affairs for Europe, 1995-97 Vice-President of the Socialist Group of the European Parliament. 1997-2000 Keeper of the Seals and Minister of Justice (Third in the Cabinet until the beginning of 2000) and 2000-02 Minister of Employment and Solidarity (Again third in Cabinet) (b. 1946- ).

1997-99 Anne Enger Lahnstein, Norway  
Between 1980-85 Leader of the Group Secretarat, 1983-91 Deputy Leader, 1989- 91 Parliamentary Leader, 1991-99 Leader of Senterpartiet, The Center Party. She was Vice-Statsminister and Minister of Culture of the center-government 1997-99 which had 9 female and 10 male ministers. In 1998 she was acting Premier (31.8-23.9) during Kjell Magne Bondevik's sick-leave because of stress and psychological problems. 1999-2001 Vice Chairperson of the Defence Committee of Stortinget  (b. 1950-).

1997-2000 Valgerd Svarstad Haugland, Norway
1991-95 Deputy Leader and 1995-2004 Leader of   Kristeligt Folkeparti, Christian People’s Party and 1997-2000 Minister of Children and Family third in the Cabinet. (b. 1956-).

1997-2001 Matai Fiame Naomi Mulinu’u Mata'afa, Samoa
2001- (Third in Cabinet)
Second in Cabinet in which she was Minister of Culture, Youth and Sports, Education and Labour 1991-2006 and Minister of Women, Community and Social Development from 2006. She is the daughter of the country’s first Premier Hon. Fiame MATA’AFA Faumuina Mulinu’u (1959-70 and 1973-75) and Laulu Fetauimalemau MATA’AFA who was appointed Ambassador to New Zealand in 1999 after having been Consul General to New Zealand for 10 years. She had been widely expected to be appointed Deputy Prime Minister after the elections in 2001, but that post instead went to a male colleague.

1998  Sailaja Acharya, Nepal
Also known as Sailja, she was Minister of Agriculture and Forests 1991-93 and in 1998 Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Water Resources. She is Longtime member for the Nepali Congress Party Leadership, sometime as Vice-President. Nominated Ambassador to India in 2007. She is the niece of Girija Prasad Koirala who has been Prime Minister a number of times, latest from 2000 (b. 1944-)

1998-2002 Annemarie Jorritsma-Lebbink, The Netherlands
1994-98 Minister of Transport, Public Works and Water Management and from 1998 First Vice Minister President and Minister of Economic. She is a leading member of the rightwing liberal party, VVD. In 2002 she was her party's official candidate for the post of Parliament Speaker but lost to a man from her own party, who had never previously held any important posts. (b. 1953-).

1998-2002 Dr. Els Boorst-Eilers, The Netherlands
Minister of Health, Well-Being and Sport from 1994 and since 1998 2. Vice-Minister-President. In 1998 Leader of D66 (Social Liberal), 1998 Royal Informateur - involved in the formation of the second coalition government of Premier Kok. She lived (1932-2014).

1998-2003 Valentina Ivanovna Matviyenko (Matvejeva), Russia  
As Vice-Premier she is in charge of Social Policies. Former member of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR and its presidium, Soviet Ambassador to Malta 1991 and 1994-97 and to Greece 1997-98 for Russia. Former head of the Foreign Ministry’s Department in charge of relations with Russian Regions, Representative of the President North-West Russia federal district in 2003, Governor of St. Petersborg 2003-11 and Chairperson of the Federation Council from 2011. (b. 1949-).

1998  Dr. Zlatka Popovska, Macedonia
1997-98 Minister without Portfolio, 1998 Vice-President of the Government and National Coordinator for Foreign Assistance, President of the Foreign System and Economic Development and President of the Committee for Financial Recovery and the Banking System. In 1998 she was Presidential Candidate. 1998-2001 Minister of Interior. Professor and former pro-dean of the Economic Faculty of the University of Skopje. (b. 1948-).

1998-99 Prof. Dr Radmilla Kiprijanova-Radovanovic, Macedonia 
1986-90 Member of the Executive Council and President of the Committee for Science, Technology and Information Service of Macedonia, 1990-92 Deputy Federal Secretary for Development of Yugoslavia,  1994-98 Rector of the University of St. Cyril and Methodius in Skopje and 1998-99 Vice-President of the Government in charge of relations with the International Institutions. (b. 1940-).

1998-2000 Galina Karimovna Saidova, Uzbekistan
2000-05 and 2010 1. Deputy Minister of Economy, 2005-06 Chairperson of the Anti Monopoly State Commission, 2010-11 Minister of Foreign Economic Relations, Investments and Trade and since 2011 Minister of Economy

1998-2000 and 2001-02 Dosta Dimovska, Macedonia
Vice-President of the Government and 1999-2001 Minister of the Interior. Also Vice-President of VMRO-DPMNE. (b. 1954-).

1998-2000 Tuya Nyam-Osoriyon, Mongolia
Second in Cabinet, Foreign Minister and in 1999 Acting Premier Minister.  See details at Premier Ministers.

1998 Deputy Prime Minister  Beatriz Doran-Scoop, The Netherlands Antilles (External Territory of the Netherlands)
Curaçao Council and President of the MAN party - Movimento Antias Nobo - Nieuwe Antilliaanse Beweging, MP 1983-85 and 1995-98, 1996-96 Minister Health and Environment and Deputizing for the Minister of Social Affairs.

1998-2001 Deputy Prime Minister Dr. Lili G. Beke-Martínez, Aruba (External Territory of the Netherlands)
1994-2001 Minister of Social Affairs, Culture and Sportm 1994-98 Minister of Public Health and 1998-2001 Minister of Economic Affairs and Tourism

1999-2001 Makbule Çeço, Albania  
 1997-99 Prefect (Governor) of Tirana. In 1999 she was the candidate for Premier minister of the President of the Socialists, Fatos Nano, but the Parliament Group chose someone else. Instead she became Deputy Premier Minister and Minister of Labour. (b. 1948-).

1999-2007 and 2008-14 Laurette Onkelinx, Belgium  
2007-08 Third in Cabinet
Vice-Chairperson of the Parliament Group of Parti Socialiste 1989-92, Vice-President of House of Representatives 1990-91, 1992-93 Minister of Social Solidarity, Health and Environment, 1994-99 Premier of the French Community in charge of Education, Youth, Children and Health, Minister of Labour 1999-2003, Minister of Transport and Mobility 2003, Minister of Justice 2003-07 and Minister of Social Affairs and Health 2007-14. (b. 1958-).

1999-2003 Isabelle Durant, Belgium
Secretary of the francophone green party, ECOLO 1994-99. and from 1999 4. Vice-Premier and Minister of Transport and Mobility.

1999-2002 "De facto" Magda Aelvoet, Belgium
1999-2002 Minister of Consumer’s Protection, Environment and Health  She was the highest-ranking non-vice-premier and as the senior member of ther party she was de-facto Vice-Premier without being given the title. She was Parliamentary Group Chairperson of Agalev 1989-93, Vice-Chairperson of the Green Group in the European Parliament 1995-99. In 1995 she was appointed Minister of State a honorary title given for life. When the Federal Agricultural Ministry was abolished in 2001, she was given additional responsibility for the Federal Food Security Agency. (b. 1954-)

1999-2000 Adi Kuini Teimumu Vuikaba Speed, Fiji  

From 1989-91 Leader of Fiji Labour Party, 1995 Leader of Fiji Labour National Federation, 1995-98 Vice-President of Fijian Association Party, 1998-2002 Party Leader. Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Fijian Affairs 1999-2000. She was widow of the former Prime Minister Dr. Timoci Bavadra who died in 1989 and later remarried. She succeeded her father, Ratu Aseri Qoro Latianara, the Tui Nokoro and Roko Tui Naitasiri until 1977, as Paramount Chief of Navosa in 1998 (Her father lived 1924-98) Married three times and mother of two sons and two daughters daughter, and lived (1949-2004).

1999-2000 Rima Khalaf Hneidi, Jordan
1993-95 Minister of Trade and Industry, 1995-98 Minister of Planning, 1999-2000 Deputy Premier Minister and Minister of Planning. she resigned in 2000 because of disagreement with the Premier Minister about the economic policies. Later same year she became Assistant Secretary General of the UN and Director of the UNDP Regional Bureau for Arab States.

1999-2001 Lydia Gutu, Moldova

1990-95 Vice-Minister of  Finance and since 1999 Vice-Premier in charge of Social Problems. 1995-99 she worked in the private banking sector. In 2001 she was candidate for the post of parliament-President which instead went to Eugenia Ostapciuc (b. 1954-).

1999-2004 Lydie Polfer, Luxembourg

1982-99 Mayor of Luxembourg Ville, Former member of the Bureau of Chamber des Deputées, 1994
-2004 President of the Parti Democratique, 1999-2004 Vice-Premier and Minister of External Affairs and External Trade and Minister of Public Service and Administrative Reform, and from 2004 Member of the European Parliament. (b. 1952-).

1999-2004 Djamal Geklenova, Turkmenistan  
Circa 1998-99 Minister of Consumer Goods, as Vice-Premier she was in charge of the Chamber of Industry and Commerce and Turkmen Statistics and Forecasts Committee, 1999-2002 Minister of Textile Industry and Foreign Trade, 2007 State Minister and Chairperson of the state joint-stock corporation "Turkmenhaly" and from 2007 nister of Textile Industry again. Her name is also transcribed Jemal Goklenova

1999-2004 Nigina Sharapova, Tajikistan  
Among others in charge of Women's Issues. Appointed Deputy Minister of Health in 2004.

1999 Aitkul Baigaziyevna Samakova, Kazakstan
1997-99 Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade, 1999-2002 Minister Without Portfolio and Chairperson of the National Committee on Family and Women’s Issues and 2002-06 Minister of Environmental Protection

1999-2000 Maja Gojkovic, Yugoslavia  
(b. 1960-).

1999-2001 Vasso Papandreau, Greece (Second in Cabinet)
1985 Deputy Minister of Energy and Industry, 1986-88 Alternate Minister of Industry, 988-89 Minister of External Trade, 1989-92 EEC-Commissioner for Labour, Social Affairs and Industry, 1994-96 Vice-President of the Council of Europe, 1996-99 Minister of Development, 1999-2001 Minister of Interior, Public Administration and Decentralization (Second in the Cabinet)and from 2001 Minister of Environment, Physical Planning and Public Works. She is among the Leaders of the Socialists, PASOK. (b. 1956-).

1999-2002 Mr. S. F.C. Camelia-Römer, Nederlandse Antillen
Also Minister of Enconomy and the National Recovery Plan. See biography at Premier Ministers of External Territories.

1999-2003 Dame Lois Marie Browne-Ewans, Bermuda (British External Territory)
As Attorney General from 1999, she was third in cabinet. She was MP 1963-2003, Opposition Leader and Leader of PLP 1968-72 and 1976-85, as the first female official Leader of the Opposition anywhere in the Commonwealth. 1998-2003 also Minister of Legislative Affairs. She lived (1927-2007).

1999-2000 Eileene L.S. Parsons, British Virgin Islands
The Minister for Health, Education, Culture and Welfare from 1997, she was named Deputy Chief Minister in 1999. Member of the Legislative Council 1995-2000 as one of the two first women elected to political office. MLC again from 2003 and became Deputy Speaker until 2005 when she was appointed Minister for Natural Resources and Labour.

1999-2004 Loyola de Palacio del Valle-Lersundi, European Union  
In 1977 President of the Youth Organization of Partido Popular, 1986-89 Vice-President of the Senate Group, 1988-96 Deputy Spokesperson of the Parliamentary Group of the Congress, 1988-93 Secretary General of the Cortes Popular Coalition Group, 1986-89 Senator, 1989-99 Member of Cortes.1996-99 Minister of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries and since 1999 Vice-President of the EU-Commission and Commissioner for Relations with the Institutions and Commissioner of Transport. Died of cancer, and lived (1950-2006).

Last update 12.10.14