USA Substates (Hawai)

Worldwide Guide to Women in Leadership
United States of America Substate

Kingdom of Hawai’i
Kingdom till 1893, Republic 1893-1900, Associated Territory of USA till 1960 when the Islands became the, 50th state of the USA.

Also see USA Heads and USA Native Entities


1575-1605 Queen Regnant Kaikilani
The 17th Alii Aimoku, she first married her cousin Kanaloakua'ana, 16th Alii Aimoku of Hawaii and secondly to
Lonoikamakahiki, joint Alii Aimoku of Hawaii, younger son of Keawe-nui Aumi, 16th Alii Aimoku of Hawaii, and succeeded by son, Keakealanikane, 18th Alii Aimoku of Hawaii

1635-65 Queen Regenant Keakamahana
19th Alii Aimoku of Hawaii. Succeeded on the death of her father,
Keakealanikane. She married her Iwakakualii, son of Makakaualii. Succeeded by her only daughter, Keakealani who reigned until the year 1700.

1665-95 Queen Regnant Keakealaniwahine of Hawai'i
20th Alii Aimoku of Hawaii, she succeeded her mother, Keakamahana. Her reign was a troubled. The house of ʻI had controlled the Hilo district since the days of their ancestor Prince Kumalae, the son of King Umi. had grown to such wealth and strength, and importance, as to be practically independent of even the very loose bonds with which the ruling district chiefs were held to their feudal obligations. The representative of this house of the district chief of Hilo at this time was Kuahuia, the son of Kua-ana-a-I, and grandson of ʻI. What led to the war, or what were its incidents, has not been preserved in the oral records, but it is frequently alluded to as a long and bitter strife between Kuahwia and her. She was married two or three times, first to her cousin, Chief Kanaloaikaiwilewa, son of Chief ʻUmi-nui-kukailani, by his wife, Chiefess Kalani-o-Umi, daughter of Kaikilani, 17th Aliʻi Aimoku of Hawaii. She married second her half-brother, Chief Kane-i-Kauaiwilani and might have also married Kapaʻakauikealakea She had a son Keaweʻīkekahialiʻiokamoku by Kanaloa-i-Kaiwilena Kapulehu, who would succeed her as the 21st king of Hawaii, and her daughter, Queen Kalanikauleleiaiwi, was later co-ruler. She lived (circa 1640–circa 1695).

Circa 1695-1725 Co-ruler Queen Kalanikauleleiaiwi of Hawaï'i
Legends refer to her as the equal with her brother, Keaweikekahiali`iokamoku the 21st Ali'i Aimoku of Hawaii. She was daughter of Keakealani-wahine the ruling Queen of Hawaii and her half-brother Kaneikaiwilani, who was the son of Iwikauikaua and Kaukahikuaanaauakane. Both her parent shared the same father, the High Chief Iwikauikaua of Oahu . She was first married to Kaulahea II, the Moi of Maui, with whom she had , Princess Kekuiapoiwanui or Kekuiapoiwa I who married her half-brother Kekaulike and became mother the Kekaulike Dynasty of Maui. Her second husband was her brother, Keawe, whom she bore a son, Kalanikeeaumoku, and a daughter, Kekelaokalani. Her third husband was Kauaua-a-Mahi, son of Mahiolole, the great Kohala chief of the Mahi family. With him she had two sons, Alapainui and Ha'ae-a-Mahi. Her fourth husband was the High Chief Lonoikahaupu, one of the kapu chiefs of Kauai. With him she had her last children, Keawepoepoe and Kanonea.

1819-32 I. Kuhina Nui Queen Elizabeth Ka'ahumanu
24 Sole Regent of the Kingdom
25 Regent of the Kingdom
After the death of her husband king Kamehameha the Great, she became Head of the Government. In 1821 she became the sixth wife of King George Kaumualii of Kauai (d. 1824), Thirdly married to
Prince Keali'iahanoui
until their divorce. and acted as regent for King Kamehameha III Kauikeaouli (1814-1824-54). She lived (1768-1832).   

1829-31 Governess Kuini Liliha of Oahu
Married secondly to Prince Kahalaia Luanu'u and thirdly to HE The Hon Alii Boki (Poki Kama'ule'ule)
, who was lost at sea during an expedition to the New hebrides in December 1829.

1832-39 II. Kuhina Nui H.R.H. Princess Kalani-Ahumanu-i-Kaliko-o-Iwi-Kauhipua-o-Kina'u Ka'ahumanu II
1832-33 Regent
of the Kingdom
Kinau first married her half-brother Lihohilo Kamehameha II, King of the Hawaiian Islands (1797-1824), secondly to Prince Kahalaia Luanu'u, Prince Mataio Kekuanao'a, who was  Governor of Oahu 1834-1868 and Kuhina-Nui from 1863 until the promulgation of the new constitution in 1864. She was regent for half brother Kamehameha III Kauikeaouli (1814-1824-54). She lived (1805-39)

Around 1836 Chiefess Grace Kekelaokolani Young
She was daughter of Chiefess Kauaneha and Johan Young and mother of Queen Emma (1836-94).

1839-45 III. Kuhina Nui H.R.H. Princess Miriam Auhea-Kalani-Kui-Kawekiu-o-Kekauluohi- Keali'iuhiwaihanau-o-Kalani-Makahonua-Ahilapalapa-Kai-wikapu-o-Kaleilei-a- Kalakaua Ka'ahumanu III
Regent of the Kingdom (25.02-31.07)
In 1828  Kekauluohi was baptised with the name of Miriam, 2nd March 1828. Married seven husbands including her uncle, King Kamehameha the Great (1737-1819), her cousin, King Lihohilo Kamehameha II (1797-1824). She died from influenza, and lived (1794-1845)

1841-51 Member of the House of Nobles H.R.H. Princess Laura Kōnia
Married to The Hon. Alii Abner Kuho'oheiheipahu Paki (circa 1808-55), sometime Chamberlain to the King, Judge of the Supreme Court, and acting Governor of Hawaii Island. She died during the influenza epidemic Mother of Princess Bernice Pauahi Bishop (d. 1857).

1841-42 Member of the House of Nobles Queen Kalākua Kaheiheimālie of Hawaii
Also known as Miriam Kalākua Kaheiheimālie Hoapili-Wahine, she was a member of the royal house of Maui she was married several times, among others to King Kamehameha I and was mother of several queen-consorts. She lived (circa 1778–1842)

1841-1847 Member of the House of Nobles High Chiefess Analea Keohokālole
1846-1847 Member of the King's Privy Council
The daughter of the Chiefess Kamaeokalani and the High Chief ʻAikanaka, she inherited vast tracts of land from her paternal grandmother, High Chiefess Keohohiwa and great uncle Naihe. She was married to her first cousin, Caesar Kapaʻakea, a chief of lesser rank and her first cousin, and among their more than 10 children were King David Kalākaua and Queen Lydia, who was deposed by the Americans. She lived (1816–1869)

1842-44 Governess of Kauai Princess Kekauonohi
1844-51 Member of the Privy Council of Hawai'i
The granddaughter of Kamehameha I, she was one of the five wives of Kamehameha II and was present on the occasion of the famous meal at which the eating kapu was overturned and with it the entire kapu system in 1819. In 1828 she married Aaron Keliiahonui, son of Kaumualii the last King of Kauai, who 1849, and she married Levi Haalelea in 1850. She died in Honolulu in June 1851. Stephen Reynolds in his Journal (now in the Peabody Essex Museum) noted at her death that she was "the last of the old stock of chiefs – one of the best of them – good natured, benevolent, liberal and generous." The famous chiefs Boki and Kalauimoku were her uncles. (1805-1851). 

1850-84 Politically Influential Princess Bernice Pauahi Bishop in Hawai'i
In spite of her parent's opposition she married an American named Charles Reed Bishop in 1850. He was a widely respected and successful businessman who through banking, real estate, and other investments, became one of the wealthiest men in the kingdom and an advisor to the monarchy. The Bishops became social and cultural leaders in Honolulu. Charles held various positions in government and founded a bank, and she managed the lands inherited from her parents and aunt 'Akahi. She and Charles travelled to the United States and Europe, where they were received by Queen Victoria in England and Pope Pius IX in Rome. In December of 1872, Kamehameha V lay dying, surrounded by the high chiefs and chiefesses, and declared that he wanted her to succeed him, but she declined. Her cousin, Chiefess Ke'elikolani died in May 1883 and left her with 350,000 acres of land, which she willed to the foundation of the Kamehameha Schools, which is the largest private landowner in the state of Hawai`i. She was daughter of the High Chiefs Abner Paki and Laura Konia (Member of the House of Nobles 1840-47) and lived (1831-1884).

55-63 V. Kuhina Nui 1855-63 H.R.H. Princess Victoria Kamamalu Ka'ahumanu IV
1863 Regent of the Kingdom (30th of November)
In 1832 she inherited the lands of Chiefess Ka'ahumau. 30.10.1863, her brother King Kamehameha IV passed away without naming a successor and, as Premier, she constitutionally assumed the office of Monarch, and until her death she was heir to her other brother, Kamehameha V. The office of Kuhina nui was abolished in 1866. She lived (1838-66).

1855-1874 Governess of Hawaii H.R.H. Princess Ruth Luka Keanolani Kanahoahoa Ke'elikolani
She was daughter of
Prince Kahalaia Luanu'u and Kalani-Pauahi and born after her mother had re-married. She was adopted by Queen Kaahumanu. Married to The Hon. Alii William Pitt Leleiohoku and after his death to Isaac Young Davis . She lived (1826-83).

1874 Candidate for the Throne Dowager Queen Emma Kaleleonalani
Born as Chiefess Emma Kekelaokalani Young Nae’a, and married king Kamehamaeha IV, and after his death she was one of the candidates to succeed him. Their only son had died in1862 at the age of 4. She lived (1836-85).

1878-80 Governess of Hawaii HRH Princess Miriam Kapili Likelike Kekaukuohi
Sister of King David La'amea Kamanakapu'u Mahnulani Nalaiaehu-o-kalani Lumialani Kalakaua I and Queen Lydia Kamakaeha Liliu-o-Kalani. She was granted the title of HRH Princess in 1874 and mother of Crown-Princess Victoria Kauilani Kalaninuiahilakalapa Kawekiu-i-Lunalilo' (1875-95) who was heiress to the throne from 1891. Princess Miriam lived (1851-87).

1880-84 Governess of Hawaii HRH Princess Victoria Kinoike Kekaulike
Daughter of HH Princess Kinoike Kekaulike and Alii Kuhio Kalaniana'ole, she was married to Alii David Kahalepouli Piikoi and mother of two sons. The oldest, HRH Prince David La'amea Kahalepouli Kawananakoa, in 1891 he was appointed Heir Presumptive after HRH Princess Victoria Kauilani and succeeded her in 1899 but died in 1909 and therefore his son, Prince David succeeded Queen Lydia Kamakaeha Liliu-o-Kalani as head of the royal house in 1917. Princess Victoria lived (1843-84). 

1881  Crown Princess Regent  Lil’uokalani
1890-91 Crown Princess Regent
95 Queen Regnant
Head of the Royal Family
Lydia Kamakaeha Liliu-o-Kalani was deposed 1893, abdicated 1895 but remained very influential till her death in 1917.
Married to Lieutenant-General H.R.H. John Owen Dominus, Prince Consort of Hawaii (1832-91). The heiress to the throne 1891-95 was Princess Victoria Kaweku Kaiulani Luhalia Kalanihuiaiailaphlapa (1875-95).  

1880-88 Governess Ululani Lewai Peleioholani Baker
The office of governor was vacant until 1892 when her husband, John Tamatoa Baker (1852-1921) held the office for one year. She was daughter of the high chief, Ali'i Noah Peleioholani and lived (1858-1902).

1891-99 H.R.H Crown Princess Victoria Ka'iulani Kalaninuiahilapalapa Kawekiu-i-Lunalilo 
Daughter of H.R.H. Princess Miriam Kapili Likelike Kekauluohi, Governess of Hawaii 1878-1880, and H.E. The Hon Archibald Scott Cleghorn. Kauilani was appointed Heiress Apparent in 1891 to Queen Lili'uokalani and became Vice-President of the Hawaiian Red Cross. She was unmarried, and  lived (1875-99).

1954-61 Head of the Sovereign Family HRH Princess Abigail Kapiolani Kawananakoa of Hawai’i (Titular Queen) (USA)
She succeeded her brother Prince David, who was Head of the Royal Family (1917-54) as successor to their cousin, Queen Lil’uokalani. Abigail was succeeded by son by Andrew A. Lambert, HRH Prince Edward Keliiahonui Kawananakoa, who died in 1997 and in turn was succeeded by his son Edward J. Kawananakoa. Other relatives also claim the throne.

1970-98 Pretending Head of the Sovereign Family HRH Princess Abigail Kinioki Kekaulike Kawananakoa of Hawai’I (USA)
She succeeded her mother, HRH Princess Lili’uokalani Kawananakoa Morris (1905-69) who was sister of Princess Abigail, as President of the Friends of Iolani Palace. The mother, a grand-niece of King Kalakaua I had that position (1966-70). Abigail was President of the society until 1998. If she is still a claimant is unknown to me. 
(b. 1926-)

1978-82 Lieutenant Govonor Jean S. King  

1987-88 Self-proclaimed "Head of the Sovereign Family and Head of the Ka Lahui Hawaii Organisation" Helena Kalokuokamaile Wilcox Salazar-Mach
She claimed to be head of the royal family of Hawaii in oppositon to the main line. She lived (1917-88).

1988-1995/98 Self-proclaimed "Kuhina Nui" and "Regent" of the Soverign Family Princess Owana Ka'ohelelani Mahealani-rose Salazar
After the death of her mother, she was regent for son, who was elected as Head of  the Ka Lahui Hawaii Organisation in opposition to the main line of the royal family.

1994-2002 Lieutenant Govonor Maize Keiko Hirono, Hawaii
Unsuccessful candidate for Governor in 2002.

2002-10 Governor Linda Lingle


Until 1750 Queen Regnant Ululani (7th Alii)
Succeeded her father Mokulani. Her daughter, Princess Alapai Wahine married  Alli Kepo-o-kalani.


1770-95 Queen Regnant Kamakahelei
22nd Alii Aimoku of Kauai
. Her daughter Kawalu, married her half-brother, George Kaumu-alii, King of Kauai (1794-1810).

1839-1842 Governess Emelia Keaweamahi of Kauai
Succeeded her husband, Kaikioewa, in the office after his death.

1842-45 Governess of Kauai Princess Kekauonohi
1844-51 Member of the Privy Council of Hawai'i
Also known as Anna Keahikuni-i-Kekauʻōnohi or Miriam Kekauʻōnohi, she was daugher of Prince Kahōʻanokū Kīnaʻu of Hawaii and High Chiefess Kahakuhaʻakoi Wahinepio, was a Pincess of Maui and was Governor of Maui, Molkai and Lanai 1823-1826, and  one of the five wives of Kamehameha II and was present on the occasion of the famous meal at which the eating kapu was overturned and with it the entire kapu system in 1819. In 1828 she married Aaron Keliiahonui, son of Kaumualii the last King of Kauai, who 1849, and she married Levi Haalelea in 1850. She died in Honolulu in June 1851. Stephen Reynolds in his Journal (now in the Peabody Essex Museum) noted at her death that she was "the last of the old stock of chiefs – one of the best of them – good natured, benevolent, liberal and generous." The famous chiefs Boki and Kalauimoku were her uncles. (1805-1851). 

1880-95 Governess of Kauai HRH Princess Virginia Kapo'oloku Po'omaikelani
1884-86 Governess of Hawaii
1888-95 Guardian of the Royal Tombs 
Daughter of HH Princess Kinoike Kekaulike and Alii Kuhio Kalaniana'ole and married to Hiram Kahanawai, a cousin of King Kalakaua. She lived (1839-95).


1831-45 Magistrate of Ka'u and South Kona H.H. Princess Kapi'olani of Hilo
Daughter of Chiefess Kekikipaa, married several husbands, including Kamehameha I and her half-brother, The Hon. Naihe (d. 1831). She lived (circa 1781-1841). 

Maui, Molokai and Lanai

1823-26 Governess Kahakuhaʻakoi Wahinepio
A member of the Royal House of Maui, she married several times, among others King Kamehameha I of Hawai'i. She opposed the christian faith and promoted the ancient Hawaiian belifes, and even though she might eventually have converted, she remained sceptical. Her daughter Anna Keahikuni-i-Kekauʻōnohi, sometimes called Miriam Kekauʻōnohi, was governor of Kauai 1842-45. She (d. 1826)

1840-42 Governess of Maui Queen Ka-hei-hei-malie Kalakaua [Hoapili-wahine]
First married to H.R.H. Prince Kala'imamahu, Chief Priest of Io and Kane (d. after 1820) and after their divorce around 1795 to King Kamehameha the Great, her third husband was Uluma-hei-hei Hoapili-kane, Alii of Lahaina, Governor of Maui (d. 1840), she (d. 1842)

1842-44 Governess of Maui HRH Princess Anna Keahikuni-i-Kekauonohi
The daughter of Prince Kinau Kahoanuku of Hawaii and Princess Kahakuha'akoi Wahini-pio of Maui, she was first married to her cousin King Lihohilo Kamehameha II,  and then to Prince Keali'iahonui (whose first wife was Queen Elizabeth Ka'ahumanu, whose first husband was king Kamehameha the Great) and Levi Ha'alelea. Princess Anna lived (1805-51).


10.... or 12... Nu'akea, High Chiefess of Oahu and Queen consort of Molokai.
Daughter of Keaunui and Wehelani and lived during the second migratory period. She married into the great Kamauaua family on the island of Molokai not far from the island of Oahu. Her husband Keoloewa was the second in the family, but was the heir since her brother-in-law had no interest in government. She gave birth to a daughter, Kapau-a-Nuakea ,who succeeded to the sovereingty of Molokai after her husband's death.

10... or 12... Ali'i nui Kapau-a-Nu'akea, 3rd Alii Aimoku
Only known daughter of King Keoloewa and Queen Nuakea. Married to Lanileo, who was succeeded by their daughter Kamauli.

10... or 12... Ali' nui Kamauliwahine, 4th Alii Aimoku of Molokai
Only known daughter of Lanileo and Queen Kapau of Molokai. Her daughter was the noted Hualani, by her husband Lani'aiku, and she inherited the monarchy after her death.

12...'s Ali'i nui Hualani, 5th Alii Aimoku of Molokai
Ruling in the beginning of the 13th century. Her husband was Kanipahu, who ruled as the 4th Ali'i Aimoku of Hawai'i 1170-95 or 1215-45.

17... Ali'i nui Kane'alai Alii Aimoku of Molokai
In the beginning of the 18th she married King Keawe of Hawaii. and had four children. After his death, she married King Kekaulike of Maui and had one daughter, Luahiwa, who married her half-brother, Kahekili.


Circa 1375-circa 1400 Queen Regnant Kukaniloko
She was the 11th Alii Aimoku - and the first
Mo'iwahine or supreme female ruler because her father, Piliwale, chose her as his successor rather than let the position fall to a male of junior lineage. She married Luaia and was succeeded by daughter, Kalaimanuia.

Circa  1400-? Queen Regnant Kalaimanuia
The 12th Alii Aimoku, she succeeded her mother, Kukaniloko, and married to Lupe Kapukeahomakalii.
Before she died, she gave commands to her four children. Kūamanuia, her eldest son, would rule the kingdom of Oahu. She left the care of her war gods, Kūkalani and Kūho‘one‘one to her second son, Ka‘ihikapuamanuia. To Ha‘o, a third son, she gave him the charge of ruling the districts of ‘Ewa and Wai‘anae. And her daughter, Kekela, was given the charge of caring for the lands of Waialua and Ko‘olauloa. Thus, the kingdom was left in good hands when Kalaimanuia died at the age of ninety-one. She died during the 65th year of her reign.

Around 1400 District Ruler Kekala of Waialua and Koolauloa.
A warrior chiefess, she was handed the position as Mo'iwahine or supreme female ruler of the two districts. by her mother,
Queen Kalaimanuia , who ruled around 1400.

1824-29 Governor Lydia Namahana Pi'ia, Oahu
She was the fifth wife of King Kamehama the Great until their divorce in 1818, and she then married Peleioholani La'anui Gideon. She was Daughter of Keeaumoku, an advisor of King Kamehameha, and Namah, widow of the king of Maui. Her older sister was Queen Elizabeth Kaahumanu I, and she lived (after 1768-1824).



Last update 24.02.14