Worldwide Guide to Women in Leadership
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Substates

See also United Kingdom Heads and United Kingdoms Ministers

Kingdom of Scotland

1234-90 Lady Devorguilla MacDowall of Galloway
Her father, Lord Alan FitzRoland of Galloway, was the last of the MacFergus dynasty of quasi-independent Lords of Galloway  in the south-west of Scotland. He was also hereditary Constable of Scotland. When he died his possessions were devided among her and her two surviving sisters. She passed the Lordship of Galloway and heirship of the crown to her son John I Balliol, King of Scotland (1992-96), by her husband, John, 5th Baron de Balliol and her son John Balliol was king of Scotland for four years. Devorguilla endowed a college for the poor which later became Balliol College. Her mother was Margaret of Huntingdon, the daughter of David of Scotland, 8th Earl of Huntingdon, grand-son of the Scottish king David I. She lived (ca. 1210-90).

1286-90 Queen Margaret, The Maid of Norway
She was daughter of Princess Margaret and succeeded her grandfather King Alexander III of Scotland. Her death on the way from Norway to Scotland meant civil war over the succession in, since there were no other close heirs to the throne

1390-1401 Queen Anabella Drumond
She was very powerful during the reign of her husband, Robert Johan Stuart of Kyle, who was partly paralyzed. In 1398 she had her son, David, Duke of Rothsay appointed regent. Husband succeeded by second son, James I. 

1377-88 Territorial Countess Margaret Mormaer of Mar, Lady Garioch
Succeeded her brother, Thomas Mormaer, 9th Earl of Mar (ca. 1330-1377). She had married William, first Earl of Douglas, who was succeeded by their son, James. 2. Earl of Douglas and Earl of Mar and Garioch in right of his mother, and when he fell, leading the Scots at the battle of Otterburn. he was succeeded by her daughter, Isabel, who became owner of the Earldom of Mar and the Lordship of the Garioch and became the owner the unentailed lands of the House of Douglas.

Ca. 1388-1408 Territorial Countess Isabel Douglas of Mar, Lady of Garioch
In 1390, Robert III. granted to his brother-in-law, Sir Malcolm Drummond, Lord of Mar in right of his wife, the 11th Countess, a licence to erect a tower on the lands of Castletown of Braemar. The King, in 1393, granted to Sir Malcolm by charter, forty pounds sterling per annum from the great custom of Aberdeen, until the King shall give him forty pounds worth of lands. In 1402 he was murdered  by Alexander Stewart. In the summer of 1404 Alexander Stewart captured her castle and forced her to sign a charter on August 12, 1404. She revoked the charter later that year, but on marrying him, she gave him the earldom for life; the King confirmed her last action the next year. She lived (c. 1360-1408)

1437-39 Regent Dowager Queen Joan Beaufort
Widow of James I and regent for son James II

1460-63 Regent Dowager Queen Maria de Guelders
Widow of James III and regent for son James III until her death

1513-14 Regent Dowager Queen Margaret Tudor
She was married to James IV of Scotland; daughter of Henry VII of England and sister of Henry VIII. Her husband was killed and she became regent for her infant son, James V. She lived (14891541).

1552-67/87 Queen Mary Stuart
She became Queen of Scotland when she was just six days old. At age five she was sent to France to be brought up in the French court, and eventually married King Francis II, who died the next year. A widow, Mary returned to Scotland where a series of politically unwise love affairs and her continued adherence to Catholicism in a Protestant country led to trouble and a revolt against her. Forced to flee to England for refuge, she now faced the fears of Queen Elizabeth I who saw her as a rival to her throne. Elizabeth kept Mary under a form of imprisonment for the next 19 years. Watched closely, she was implicated in a series of conspiracies against Queen Elizabeth, and was executed.

1554-60 Regent Dowager Queen Mary de Guise
Married to  James V of Scotland and regent for her daughter, Mary Queen of Scots.  She lived (1515-60)

1717-58 18th Hereditary Lord High Constable and Knight Marischal of Scotland, The 14th Countess of Erroll
Mary Hay was the Senior Great Officer Royal Office of Scotland and Chief of the King's Household in Scotland. She succeeded to the title in 1717 when she also became Lady Hay and Baroness of Stain, 23rd Chief of the Hays (since 1171) and Mac Garaidh Mhar (a celtic title) etc., etc. She succeeded her brother and was by grand-nephew

1824-40 Head of the Sovereign Family, Titular Queen Mary III and II of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith
Maria Beatrice Vittoria Giuseppina di Savoia was the eldest daughter of Don Vittorio Emanuele di Savoia, Duke of Aosta, later king of Sardinia and Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria-Este. 1812 Mary Beatrice married her uncle, Archduke Francis of Austria, Duke of Modena, with special dispensation for the marriage was received from the Holy See. After her father's death she was recognized by the Jacobites as "Queen Mary III and II". She was called "Queen Mary II" by those Jacobites who do not number Mary Stuart as Mary II of England. She lived (1792-1840).

1875-1919 Head of the Sovereign Family, Titular Queen Mary IV and III of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith
Marie Therese von Habsburg-Lothringen, Archduchess of Austria, Princess of Hungary-Bohemia and Modena, succeeded her uncle as claimant of the Jacobite throne of Scotland and England. Her grandmother was Mary III and II Beatrice of Modena (1824-40). Marie Therese descended from a sister of the last Stuart-kings of England and Scotland. She was married to Ludwig, King of Bavaria (1913-1918). Her grandson, Francis II, Duke of Bavaria has been claimant since 1996. His brother, Max Emanuel is heir and his oldest daughter, the Hereditary Princess Sophia von und zu Liechtenstein, is next in line for the succession. One of Marie Theresa's half-sisters by her mother's second marriage, Queen Maria-Cristina of Spain was regent for her son (1885-1902). Marie Therese had five children and lived (1849-1919).  


1941-78 27th Hereditary Lord High Constable and Knight Marischal of Scotland, The 23rd Countess of Erroll
Diana D. Hay was the Senior Great Officer Royal Office of Scotland and Chief of the Monarch's Household in Scotland, President of the Court of the Verge etc. etc. She succeeded to the title in 1941 when she also became Lady Hay and Baroness of Stain, 32th Chief of the Hays (since 1171) and Mac Garaidh Mhar (a celtic title). She was succeeded by her son, Martin Hay. She lived (1926-78)

The Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland
The British Sovereign's personal representative to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland (the Kirk), reflecting the Church's role as the national church of Scotland, and the Sovereign's role as protector and member of that Church. While the General Assembly is meeting, the Lord High Commissioner is treated as if a Regent. By custom, he or she is addressed as "Your Grace

1970 Rt Hon Margaret Herbison

1994 and 1995 Lady Marion Anne Fraser

1996 The Princess Royal (HRH Princess Anne)

Territorial Counties in Scotland

County of Athol

1211-37 4th Countess Isabella

1242-44 6th Countess Forflissa of Galloway

1244 7th Countess Ada Hastings

County of Sutherland

1515-35 10th Countess Elizabeth
She succeeded her brother John by "infeftment" of 1515 after a protracted lawsuit and some bloodshed, became Countess of Sutherland in her own right. She resigning the earldom to her eldest son Alexander, the ancestor of the family of Gordon, Earls of Sutherland. The earls would not bear the name of Sutherland again until William Sutherland, the 17th Earl, adopted it. She was succeeded in 1530 by her grandson, the 11th Earl ("Good John Earl"). (d. 1535).

1771-1839 19th Countess Elizabeth Gordon
She was one year old when her father, William, the 18th Earl of Sutherland, and her mother both died in 1766. In the lawsuit that followed, known as the "Sutherland Peerage Case", the old Sutherland house of Forse claimed superior rights, but the verdict was finally given in favor of the infant countess in 1771. Elizabeth married an Englishman, George Granville Leveson-Gower whose father, the Earl of Gower, was created the Marquess of Stafford, titles to which he himself succeeded in 1803. As the husband of a great landed heiress, to whose inheritance he added substantial acreages of his own at Trentham in Staffordshire and Lilleshall in Shropshire, Lord Stafford had considerable influence, becoming the 1st Duke of Sutherland. She lived (1765-1839).

1963-  24th Countess of Elizabeth Sutherland-Leveson-Gower
She succeeded her uncle, The 5th Duke of Sutherland, George Granville Sutherland, who held several ministerial offices. Her father, Lord Alistair Sutherland-Leveson-Gower M.C. who had died in 1921. She is married to Charles Janson and they have three sons and a daughter. The Dukedom was inherited by another male relative.

County Ross (Check this information)

1372-94/95 Countess Euphemia I Ross
First married to
John Randolph Earl of Moray and then to King Robert II of Scotland. Their son, David, Earl Palatine of Strathearn and Earl of Caithness (ca. 1356-89) had one daughter and Euphemla, Countess Palatine of Steathearn and Countess of Caithness, which latter Earldom she resigned to her uncle, Walter Leslie

1402-15 Countess Eupemia II Leslie
In succssion to Alexander. After her death, the County was vacant until Johan Stewart, Earl of Buchan became Earl.

1424-36 Margaret Leslie

1908-68 Chief of Ross Miss Ross of Pitcalnie

 

 

Last update 23.12.06