Guide to Women in Leadership
Heads of State of Morocco/ Al-Mamlaka Al-Maghrebia (female suffrage 1959/61)Formerly a French protectorate became a sovereign state in 1956
Also see Morocco Ministers
793-ca. 810 Regent Kanza of
Idrisis of Saghir
was joint ruler with her husband, Yusuf Ibn Tashufin of the
and it was due to her
Tribal Chief Lalla
For son Idris II ibn Idris of Saghir (793-823) who was prince from his birth.
1061-1107 Joint Ruler al-qa'ima bi mulkini Zainab al-Nafzawiyya of the Berber Empire (Northern Africa (Algeria, Morocco, Tunesia)
Contemporary sources name her "the one in charge of her husband's realm" and she
was joint ruler with her husband, Yusuf Ibn Tashufin of theThe Murabbitine Empire or Spanish Almorávides
, and it was due to herwealth, connexions and good advice, her husband could found the largest Moroccan empire that spread from Andalusia to Senegal. In 1086 he attacked Spain largely restoring the Islamic position there. The Almoravids were Orthodox and acknowledged the Abbasid Caliph. They ended up getting overwhelmed by a new religious movement, less conservative, the Almohads.
Tribal Chief Lalla
1510-52 Governor Sayyida al-Hurra
of Tetouán (Morocco)
Also known as Sayida Al Horra Bent Ali Ar Rachid, she was first confirmed as prefect and then appointed governor of the city state of Tetouán ("Hakima Tatwan"). She was the undisputed leader of the pirates in the western Mediterranean, and in 1520 captured the Governors wife and caused great damage to the Porugese colonial shipping. She was married to Sultan Al-Mandri and after his death she married Ahmad al-Wattasi, who reigned (1524-49). After her first husband's death, she gained the title al-hurra (Sovereign Lady). She was member of the Andalusian noble family, Banu Rashid, who immigrated to Morocco after the Christian conquest of Muslim Spain. She was deposed in 1552.
1727-ca. 54 De facto ruler Dowager Sultana Hinata
binti Bakar al-Gul of Morocco
Also known as Khnata bent Bakkar, she acted as First Minister and Secretary for her husband Sultan Mulay Ismail as-Samin, who reigned (1672-1729). After his death followed a period of internal turmoil, where she remained the de-facto ruler, during the reign of her husband's 10 sons with various wifes, but who were all deposed, but she managed to lead the ccountry out of the disastrous situtation.
Last update 22.12.05