Worldwide Guide to Women in Leadership
Heads of State of Georgia (Female Suffrage 1918/21) A former ancient Empire was divided in smaller principalities which recognized Russian supremacy 1783 and joined the Empire in 1801. Independent 1917-22 till it became part of the Transcaucasian Soviet Republic, later Republic of Grucia. Independence 4.9.91
See Georgia Ministers and Georgia Substates
Regent Dowager Queen Miriam Artsruni of United Georgia
Joint Ruler Queen Thamar
1184-1212 Queen Regnant
Member of the royal house of Bagrationi, she was 19 years old when her father Grigori III had her crowned co-ruler, and when he died she became the sole ruler of Georgia. Despite the fact that she was 25 on her accession, Thamar was placed under the official guardianship of her father's sister Rusudani. She lived (1159-1212).
Regent Princess Rusudani
The aunt of Queen Thamar acted as regent after her accession to the throne as her advisor for the first years of her reign.
Queen Regnant Rusudani
Thamar's 41 year old daughter Rusudani succeeded brother Giorgi IV Lasha The Mongols had invaded Georgia. Rusudani fled the Georgian capital of Tiflis, and Georgia was left at the mercy of the Mongols and the once great kingdom was totally devastated. (b. 1195-)
1668 De-facto Ruler Queen Dareyan of Imireti
(Imerati = Georgia)
Until 1798 Politically Influential Queen Darejan of Kartli and Kakhet (The Kingdom of Georgia)
She among others influenced her husband, King Irakli II, to altered the line of succession in favour of their sons on the expence of his children by his first two marriages. He was succceeded by the fat, lazy though devout son Giorgi XII. One of Giorgi's first acts on becoming ruler was to secure the Russian Master's agreement to recognise his eldest son as Heir Apparent and successor. This left him facing insurrections led by his half-brothers. Prince Farnavazi allied himself to the fearsome Lazgis and devastated parts of the kingdom. His other brothers, ensconced on the large domains assigned to them by their late father, ignored his authority and fermented rebellion. Devoid of stomach for any contest, the dying ruler was persuaded to resign his kingdom to the Russian Master. This he did in return for the recognition of himself and his own heirs as titular Kings of Georgia. However, while his envoys were in Russia still negotiating the terms of the new treaty, Emperor Paul decided to annex the kingdom outright. He issued a manifesto unilaterally annexing the realm to the Russian crown on 18th January 1801
1801-02 Politically Active Dowager
Queen Miriami of Kartli and Kakhet (The Kingdom of Georgia)
The widow of Giorgi XII (1798-1801), she was one of the leaders of the fight against the Russian annexation. The Russian military detachment sent to put the annexation announced in 1801 into effect did not arrive in Tiflis until April 1802. At first the Russians faced considerable opposition, and Queen Miriami arranging for the assassination of the Russian Governor General Lazarev. Soon afterwards, Prince Davit, King Giorgi's Heir Apparent, and several members of the Royal Family were deported to Russia.
Vice-President E.A. Gubiyeva
Deputy Premier Victoria M. Siradze
In 1978-89 Deputy Chairman of Supreme Soviet.
Vice-President Nellie V. Gurgen
In 1975 1. Secretary of the Communist Party of Tiblisi.
2004-07 Deputy Head of State,
Chairperson of the
2003-04 Interim President Nino Burjanadze (23.11-25.01)
2007-08 Interim President (25.11-20.01)
As Chairperson of the Parliament 2001-08 she took over as Acting Head of State on a number of occations. The President of Georgia heads and exercises domestic and foreign policy of the state, supreme commander in chief of the armed forces of Georgia. The President is authorised to address people and the Parliament. (b. 1964-).
Last update 08.07.08