Worldwide Guide to Women in Leadership
FIRST FEMALE MINISTERS
All countries in the world
had at least one woman minister or deputy minister at some point.
For more details check out Woman Ministers and other members of Government
and Situation in 2005
Acting Leader of the Government and Peoples'
Commissioner for Internal Affairs Eugenia Bogdanova Bosh (Gotlibovna),
Military Commander, Leader of the Secret Police. She was imprisoned 1923-25 of Trotskism. She committed suicide, and lived (1879-1925)
Peoples' Commissar of Social Affairs
Aleksandra Michailovna Kollonta, Russia
Countess Sofia Vladimirovna Panina was Vice Minister of State Welfare and Vice Minister of Education
earlier in 1917.
1918-19 Member of
the Governing National Council of the Fifteen, The Provisorial
Government Schwimmer Rosika, Hungary
In 1918-19 Plenipotentiary Minister to Switzerland, as the first woman in the world. Ratkó Ana was Minister of Health and Welfare 1949-53.
1919-21 Minister of Labour in Cabinet of the Provisoric Government
Countess Constance Markieviz,
1921-22 Minister of Labour
The next woman in the government was Maire Geoghegan-Quinn, who was appointed Minister of State of Industry and Energy in 1977
1924-25 Minister of
Education Nina Bang, Denmark
She lived (1866-1928)
Minister of Social Affairs for Health Miina Sillanpää,
In 1936-47 she was President-by-age of the Riksdag/ Edskunan. She lived (1866-1952).
1929-31 Minister of Employment Margaret Bondsfield, United Kingdom
of Great Britain
Parliamentary Secretary of State of Labour 1924. Chairperson of the Trade Union Conference 1923, MP 1923-31. She lived (1873-1953).
of Fishery Economy Polina Semenovna Zemcuzina,
Before her Vavara Nikoleavna Iakovleva was Deputy People's Commissar of Education Circa 1920-29 and Minister of Finance in Russia 1929-36. Polina was Soviet Deputy People's Commissar of Food Industry in
1930-? Minister of Heath D. Puntsag,
There might have been two female Deputy Ministers in the 1920s
1932-37 Vice-Chairperson of the Central
Executive Committee Mar'yam Tugambayeva,
1937 Joint Acting Chairperson of the Central Executive Committee (16.09-0 4.10)
Acted jointly with Mikhail Ivanovich Us. Also known as Mariya Tuganbayeva, she lived (1907- 86).
Secretary of Labor Francis Perkins,
Before her, Annette Abbott Adams, was Assistant Attorney General 1920-21.
1936-37 Minister of
Health and Social Assistance Federica Montserny i
In 1939 Government-Delegate in Barcelona, 1939-77 exile in France. She lived (1905-94).
Parliamentary Secretary of Education Rt. Hon Dame Dehra Parker,
1944-49 Chairperson of Government Committee of Youth
1948-49 Chairperson of General Health Services Board
1949-57 Minister of Health and Local Government
Elected an Unionist Member of the Northern Ireland Parliament in 1921 (married for the 1.time 1901)
1938-? Public Commisar of Education Evdokiya Ilinichna Uralova, Belarus
1938/40-45 Member of Council of State of Government-in-Exile Anezka
In 1945-46 she was Deputy Speaker of the Provisorial National Assembly, 1946-48 Deputy Speaker of the Constituent National Assembly, 1948-60 Vice-President of Federálni Shromázdení and1960-64 Member of the Presidium. She lived (1895-1963)
1938 Commissioner of the
Economics' Committee of the Nationalist Government
1949-54 Minister of Textile Industry
1982 Minister of Textile Industry
She lived (1898- circa 1988)
194?-?? Minister of
Education Dušanka Kovačević, Bosnia-Herzegovina
19??-53 Deputy Minister
1953-?? Member of the Executive Council
1960's President of Chamber for Education and Culture of the Assembly
1944 Minister of
Interior Nelda Martinez, Ecuador
In office for a few days in the revolutionary government in May 1944, which did not bring full civil rights for women. (b. 1912-)
Vice-Chairperson of the Provisoric Government Wanda Wasilewska,
Irena Kosmowska was State Secretary of Social Affairs 1918 and Zofia Wasilkowska Minister of Justice 1956-57.
1944-47 Minister of Social Security
Olga Lauristin, Estonia
1947-51 Minister of Cinematography
First Deputy Speaker of the Supreme Soviet 1940-47. First post-independence Minister was Siiri Oviir, who was Minister of Social Affairs 1990-92, 1995 and 2001-03. (b. 1903-).
1945-48 Minister of Education and Science Naxhije Dume, Albania
1945 Minister without Portfolio Kirsten
Moe Hansteen, Norway
Her husband, Viggo Hansteen, was executed by the Nazies in 1941. She was a leading member of the Communist Party and member of the Government of National Unity. MP 1945-49. She lived (1903-74).
1945 Understate secretary for Food Helene
In 1946 she became Vice-Chairperson of the Kommunistische Partei Österreichs KPÖ. She lived (1903-95)
1945-53 Finance Minister
Anka Berus, Croatia
1953-60s Member of the Executive Council of Yugoslavia
After the indepence from Yugoslavia Vesna Girardi Jurkić was Deputy Minister of Education, Culture and Sport 1991-92 and Minister of the same Portfolio 1992-94
Minister of Education
1951-53 Minister of Education, Science and Culture
Graduated at Philosophy Faculty in Belgrade, clerk in the National Bank of Yugoslavia before World War II. She was a Partisan 1941-45 and working in the Headquarters of Tito's army. In 1948 she became manager of the Council for Education and Culture of Serbia and later Manager of the Federal Institute for Education. She was deputy to both Serbian and Yugoslav assemblies, and member of Central Committees of Serbia and Yugoslavia. She wrote many books. Married to Milovan Djias (1911-95) one of the best known disidents. (b. 1912- )
Minister for Social Politics Vida Tomšić, Slovenia
1950's Member of the Executive Council
1962-63 Provisional President of Narodna Skubscina (and de-facto head of state)
1974-78 President of the Narodna Skubscina
At the time the President of the People’s Assembly was also "Head of State. (b. 1913-)
1946-47 Minister of Social Affairs mr. Maria Ullfah Santoso, Indonesia
Minister of Health
Romania Doctor and
Doctor and University lecturer.She lived (1901-78).
Before her Irene Joliot-Curie, Suzanne Lacore and Cecilie Brunshvig were Undersecretaries of State in 1936.
1947-67 Minister of Post, Telegraphs and
Telephones Tsola Nicheva Draoycheva, Bulgaria
Member of the Politburo 1937-48 and 1966-84, Organisatorial Secretary of The Communist Party 1940, Secretary General of the Fatherlands Front 1944, Member of Council the of State 1974-84. She lived (1894-1989?)
Minister of Supplies The Hon. Mable Bowden Howard,
1947-49 Minister of Health
1957-60 Minister of Social Affairs and Welfare of Women and Children
MP 1943-69 as the third woman, Deputy Speaker of the first Labour Government in 1935. She was the daughter of the MP Ted J. Howard and lived (1894-1972).
1947-57 Minister of Health Rajkumari
1951 Minister of Communication
1952 Minister of Communication (from circa 1955 Forth in cabinet)
In 1957-64 Member of Rayja Sabha, the Upper House. She lived (1889-1964)
without Portfolio for Household Economy Prof. Karin Kock Lindberg,
1948-49 Minister of Household Economy
She lived (1891-1976)
1948-57 Minister of Culture Ho Chong-suk,
1957 Minister of Justice
1948 Minister of Trade and Industry Yim Yong-shi, South Korea
Louise Yim became the first female MP in 1949 and 1952 Founding Chairperson of Women's Party and in 1954 she was vice-Presidential candidate.
1948-54 Commissioner of Social Welfare Asuncion Arnola Perez,
1949-54 Cabinet Minister
Between 1941-44 Lieutenant Colonel in the resistance movement in Pacific War.
1949-52 State Secretary for
People's Education Else Zaisser, East Germany
1952-53 Minister of People's Education
1953-54 Secretary of State for People's Education
Née Knipp, she lived (1898-1987)
1949-56 Minister of
Labour Golda Meïr, Israel
1949-52 Minister of Social Affairs
1956-64 Minister of Foreign Affairs
1969-74 Premier Minister
In 1948-49 Ambassador to USSR, 1964-68 Secretary General and 1969-74 Leader of Labour. When she became Foreign Minister her surname was hebrewnized from Meyerson to Meir. She was born in Russia as Golda Mabovic and later immigrated to USA. She lived (1898-1978)
1949-52 Minister of Agriculture Vera
Dosta Aceva, Macedonia
1952-60-? Member of the Executive Council
Mayor of Skoplje circa 1947, (b. 1919)
195?-6? Member of the Executive Council Milica Pajković,
Also Undersecretary of Health and Social Affairs.
Vice-Minister of Education Olga Nuñez de Sassallow,
Prof. María Helena de Perras
wasMinister of Education 1974/78-79.
1950-? Minister of Social Affairs and Health Maria Santa Domingo de Miranda, Panama
1950-54 Commissioner of Labour and
Social Affairs JUDr. Emilia Murinova-Janeckova, Slovakia
Member of National Assembly of Czechoslovakia 1948-1954, member of Slovak National Council 1960-1971. (b. 1918).
1950-60’s Secretary for Finance Katarina Patrnogic, Kosova
Also Vice President of the Assembly (b. 1921)
Member of the Executive Council Desanka Romic,
1952 Minister of Justice Adriana Olguín de Baltra, Chile
Apparently two women were appointed Subsecretaries in 1931 and 1932
1952-55 Minister of Labour and Social Affairs Aljandra Giovarini, Argentina
1952-54 Minister for and
Premier of the Karen State Daw Ba Maung Chien, Burma
Afterwards Leader of the opposition in the state (In office 26.3.52-12.6.54)
without Portfolio María Gómez Garbonell, Cuba
In 1936 one of the first female members of the House of Representatives and later Senator.
1952/53 Minister without Portfolio Julia Eugenia Consuegra Rudriguez, Cuba
Premier, Minister of Construction Industry Yadar Sadykovna Nasriddinova,
1959-70 President (24.3-25.9)
Between 1959-70 Vice-Chairperson of the Supreme Soviet and 1970-74 President of the Federation Council of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.
1953-60 Minister of Health
and Labour The Hon. Rose Agatha Leon
1972-76 Minister of Local Government
1976-80 Special Advisor of the Minister of Social Affairs
Chairperson of Jamaica Labour Party 1948-60, Deputy Mayor of Kingston 1971-72.She was killed in her home by burgulars. She lived (1919-99).
1955-58 Minister of Education and Culture The Hon. Agatha Barbara, Malta
1971-74 Minister of Education and Culture
1974-81 Minister of Labour, Welfare and Culture (Third in Cabinet)
1982-87 President of the Republic
Labour MP 1947-82, Between 1971-81 she as Acting Prime Minister on various brief occasions. She lived (1923-2002)
of Education Josefina Valencia de Hubach, Colombia
Governor of the Province of Cavca 1954-56, Ambassador to UNESCO from 1957, circa 1960-74 Co-leader of Alianza Nazional Poulpular. She married the Chilean geologist Enrique Hubach Eggers in 1943 and had two children. She lived (1913-91).
1956-63Minister of Social Affairs M.A.M. Klompé, The Netherlands
1966-71 Minister of Culture, Recreation and Social Work
Dr. G.A de Waal was State Secretary of Education, Arts and Science 1953-57.
1956-58 Minister of
Social Affairs Lina Tsaldari, Greece
1956-59 Minister of
Health Wimala Wijewardhna, Sri Lanka
1959-60 Minister of Local Government and Housing
1957 Secretary of State
for Canada Ellen Lourkes Fairclough,
1957- Privy Councillor
1958 Acting Prime Minister (1.1)
1958-62 Minister for Citizenship and Immigration
1962-63 Postmaster General
Progressive Conservative MP 1950-63, she was Ambassador Extraordinary to the inauguration of President Fondizi of Argentina 1958. She was the only women to serve as acting Prime Minister until the 1980s. In 1992 Queen Elizabeth bestowed her with the title of "The Right Honorable".(b.1905-)
1957-61 Minister of Labour, Health and Housing Janet Jagan,
1963-64 Minister of Home Affairs (Senator)
1996-97 Leader of the Opposition
1997 First Vice-President, Prime Minister and Minister of Mines (6.3-22.12)
1997-99 President (19.12-11.8) (Head of State and Government)
In 1950-70 Secretary General, 1970-84 International Secretary and 1984-90 Executive Secretary of PPP, 1953 Deputy President of the National Assembly, 1954 imprisoned by the British authorities for her activities for independence, 1973-97 Editor-in-Chief of The Mirror, 1993 Ambassador-at-Large and Acting Permanent Representative of the United Nations (October-December). She is the widow of Dr. Cheddi Bharat Jagan, Chief Minister 1953-55 and 1957-61, President 1961-64 and 1991-97(†)In July 1999 she suffered a mild hart attack and chose to resign from her post 3 years ahead of time, endorsing her successor the 35 years old Bharrat Jagdeo, Minister of Finance 1994-99. Janet Rosenberg was born in Chicago. (b. 1920-)
Premier Minister Zinadia A. Kuadhadze, Georgia
1957-59 Minister of Trade
In 1962-76 Secretary of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet.
1957-59 Chairperson of the Committee for
Science and Technology at the Council of Ministers Tira Aza-Kyzy Tairova,
1959-83 Minister of Foreign Affairs
1963-68 Deputy Premier Minister
Minister of Social
Housing and Labour
Célestine Ouezzin Coulibaly
née Makouau Traoré, Burkina Faso
1958-59 Minister of Social Affaris and Labour
Widow of Premier Minister Daniel Ouëzzin Coulibaly who died 1958. His successor, Maurice Yaméogo, appointed her to the cabinet. 1959-61 she was Representative of the Republic of Upper Volta (Haute-Vota) in the Senate of the French Community and Deputy in 1959.
1958-61 Minister of Labour
and Social Affairs Hon. Phyllis Shand Allfrey,
The West Indies Federation (Domenica)
(She was the only female and only white minister in the government of the The West Indies Federation, a co-operation between a number of Caribbean countries which lasted 1958-62) Leader Dominican Labour Party 1961-64, she lived (1908-86)
1958-62 Minister of Education Profa. Estela
Hernández Quezada de Niño, Costa Rica
1978-82 Minister of Labour and Social Affairs
Subsecretary of Education for Culture Amalia de Castillo Lédon,
Dr. Lydia C. Berthley
wasAttorney General of the Federal District 1959-1964 and the first full cabinet member was Hilda Anderson Nevárez, who was Secretary of Tourism in 1980.
1959-61 Minister of Social Action Tong Siv Eng, Cambodia
1963-68 Minister of Health
Has been Secretary of State for Labour and Social Action 1958-59 and was the first female MP 1957-70.
1959-60 Minister of Municipalities Dr
Naziha al-Dulaimi, Iraq
1960 Minister of State without Portfolio
The only member from the Communist Party in 'Abd al-Karim Qasim's government after the over-trough of the monarchy in 1958. She lived (1923-2007).
1959-62 Minister of Social Affairs Khally Nazarova,
1963-65 Deputy Premier Minister
Deputy Minister of Public Service in 1958
Minister of Health and Local Government Dwarka Chand Thakumrani,
Shusila Thapa Deputy Minister of Health from 1964 and 1975-77/79 Minister of Health
1959-63 Deputy Premier Minister Zaure S. Omarova, Kazakstan
1966-80 Minister of Social Affairs
Deputy Chairperson of the Government of Alma-Ata 1963-66.
Minister of Social Affairs Masa Nakayama,
Two women were appointed Vice-Ministers in 1948.
1960-70 Minister of
Justice, Social Affairs and Culture Stella Soulitou,
1964-66 Minister of Health
Between 1970-84 Law Commissioner, 1984-88 Attorney General. 1943-46 She was a transport pilot of RAF Women Auxiliary Service, sister of former Prime Minister Cacoyannis. (1920-)
Circa 1960-65 Deputy Premier Minister A.N. Atanepesova, Tajikistan
1960-76 Deputy Premier in charge of Culture and Minister of Foreign
Vice-President 1959-69 and 1976-89 (b. 1918-)
1960-71 Minister of Social Affairs I.I. Ianchaitė, Lithuania
Federal Minister of Health Dr.teol. Elisabeth Schwarzhaupt, Germany
Gabrielle Wülker had been State Secretary for Family and Youth 1957-59.
1961-65/67 Minister of
Social Affairs Hon. Cynthia Gairy, Grenada
1967-74 Minister of Social Affairs, Culture and Community Development
1961-90 Minister of Social Affairs Valentina Pikkel, Latvia
1962-64 Minister of Social
Affairs Dr. Hikmat Abu-Zaid/Zeid, Egypt
1964-65 Minister of Social Affairs in the United Arab Republic (an union with Syria)
1962-64 Secretary of Social Service Profa. Sandra Martins Cavalranti, Brazil
Minister of Education Begum Mahmooda Saleem Khan,
In 1962 she was Minister of Education in West Punjab.
1962-89/90 Minister of Social Affairs Olga V. Bykova, Moldova
Minister of State Paramount Chief Madam Hon. Ella Koblo Gulama,
1962-67 Minister without Portfolio
Since 1953 Paramount Chief of Kaiyamba, chosen to succeed her father, She became the first female MP in 1957 (b. 1921-)
1962-? Deputy Minister for
Health Bibi Titi Mohammed, Tanzania
Julie Manning was Minister of Justice 1975-79.
1963-67 Minister of Health
Isabella U. Teshea,
Trinidad and Tobago
1963-70 Minister of Housing
1971-75 Minister of Education and Culture I
Parliamentary Secretary of Local Government for Health, Water and Sanitation 1961-63.
1963-66 Minister of Social Affairs
1967 Minister of Social Affairs
1985-87 Member of National Defence Council (The Military Junta)
1993 Member of National Defence Council
She had been Deputy Minister of Education 1961-63.
Parliamentary Secretary of Labour and Social Development Princess
Nakatindi Wini, Zambia was
1968-73 Parliamentary Secretary of Co-operatives, Youth and Social Development
1992-93 Minister of State of Tourism
1993-circa 98 Minister of Community Development and Social Welfare
Dr. Mutumba Mainga Bull
wasMinister of Health 1973-76.
1964-65 Minister of Social Affairs and Public Health Madeleine Ayinkamiye, Rwanda
1964-68 Minister for Education The Hon. E.W.A Chiappe, Gibraltar
1965-67 Minister of Health Kubrah Nourzai,
The first female MP in 1964. She lived (1927-86)
1965 Minister of Labour Alba Alonzo de Quesada, Honduras
Minister of Family and Housing Marguriete De Riemacker-Legot,
Secretary of the House of Representatives 1961-65.
1965-69 Minister of
Education and Housing and Social Service Hon. Gwendolyn Lizarraga,
Her country’s first female MP 1961-69. (b. 1901)
1967-68 Minister of Social Affairs
Sophie(-Madeleine) Lihau-Kanza/ Lusibu Zala N'Kanza,
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaire)
1969-70 Minister of State (Deputy Premier) and Minister of Social Affairs
She was Secretary of State of Social Affairs 1966-67
1967-69 Secretary of State
of Family, Social Solidarity, Youth, Population and National Education, Culture
and Religous Affairs
1969-71 Minister of Family, Youth, Social Solidarity, Health, Culture and Religious Affairs Madeleine Frieden-Kinnen, Luxembourg
Widow of Pierre Frieden, who was Premier Minister in 1958, and died the year after.
1968-71 Minister of Education
Farokhrou Parsa, Iran
Deputy Minister 1965-68. She was executed 1981 for her feminist views
1968-69 Minister without Portfolio and Leader of the Government in the
1969-72 Minister of Transport
1973-83 Speaker of the Senate
1979 Acting Governor General The Hon. Dr. Dame Doris Louise Johnson, Bahamas
She lived (1921-83)
Minister of Health and Social Affairs Hon. Gloria Juanita McPhee,
1972-76 Minister of Education and Libraries
1976-77 Minister of Planning, Housing and Environment
1968 Minister of Education and Social Welfare Alba Roballo, Uruguay
In 1963, 1965 and 1967 she was President of the Senate
1969-90 Member of the States and Chairperson of Policy & Finance Dorothy Leach, Alderney
1969-73 Minister of Social Affairs Hon. Tan Sri Fatimah binti Abdul Majid Hashiim, Malaysia
1969 Minister of Development Aura Celina Casanova, Venezuela
1969-76 Minister of Foreign
Affairs in the Provisorial Government
Nguyên Thi Bình,
1976-84 Minister of Education 1976-87
1981-2002 Member of the Council of State
She was Spokesperson of the National Liberation Front by the Peace Negotiations in Paris in 1968 (b. 1927-)
1969-79 Minister of
Social Affairs, Health and the Disabled Duang Quynh Hoa,
1975 Minister of Heath, Social Affairs and the Disabled, Provisoric Government of South VIetnam
She resigned from the Communist Party and Government and has since been an outspoken critic of the regime. She worked at a hospital in Ho Chi Minh City.
1969-90 Member of the States and Chairperson of Policy & Finance Dorothy Leach, Alderney
1970-72 Minister of
Justice and Church Affairs Auður Auðens, Iceland
Substitute MP 1947-48 and MP for the Independence Party 1959-74, Joint Acting Mayor of Reykjavik 1959-60. (b. 1911-)
1970-75 Deputy Minister of Health and Public Welfare Delphine Zanga Tsogo, Cameroon
1975-84 Minister of Social Affairs
In 1964-85 President of the National Council of Women (b. 1935- )
1970 Minister for the Plan
and Cooperation Marie-Mathurine Silinghia, Central
1970 Minister for the Plan and National Guidance
1970-71 Minister of International Cooperation
Undersecretary of State of Social Affairs Maria Teresa Carcomo Lobo,
Dr. Maria de Lurdes Pintasilgo became Secretary of State and then Social Affairs
1974-75 Minister of Social Affairs in 1974 and was Pemier Minister 1979-80.
1970-77 Minister of
Education, Health and Welfare The Hon. Mary Rose Tuitt,
The first woman member of the Legislative Assembly 1970-75. (b. 1930-)
1970-77 Minister of Health and Environment Lucinda E[lona] da Costa Gomez-Matheeuws,
1971-77 Minister of Welfare, Youth, Sports, Culture and Recreation
1977 Minister Presidente and Minister of General Affairs (Foreign Affairs and Defence)
1970-73 Minister of Education Dr. Princess Stella N. Sigcau, Transkei
1973-78 Minister of the Interior, Industry, Trade and Tourism
1979-81 Minister of the Internal Affairs, Post and Telecommunication
1981-87 Minister of Post and Telecommunication
1987 Prime Minister (5.10.-30.12.87)
Circa 1970-83 President of Committee of Public Health Senator
Gwyneth Clare Huelin, Jersey
Senator from 1966.
Circa 1970-76 Chairperson of the
Government-Committee of Education Jean Thornton-Duesbery,
Isle of Man
Member of the House of Keys 1966-76
1970 Minister of Public Service Charlotte Kisimba, The Republic of Congo
1971-78 Minister of Family
and Social Welfare Toure Aissata Kone, Mauritania
1971 Minister of Health Dr. Türkan Akyol, Turkey
1992-94 State Minister by the Premier Minister (Women and Family Affairs)
circa 1971-78 Attorney General Hon. Paula F. Beaubrun,
British Virgin Islands
Member of the Legislative Council. -1968- Magistrate, Registrar and Provost Marshall of West Indies Associated States Supreme Court, resident in Montserrat
1972-79 Commissioner of Conservation and Cultural Affairs Hortense C. Willigan Rowe, United States Virgin Islands
1972-76 Minister of Health and
Social Security Mai Wiles Padmore, Liberia
Before her Ellen Mills Scarborough was Secretary of State of Education 1948-52
Minister of State for Health and Social
Begum Nurjahan Murshed, Bangladesh
1973-75 Minister of Social Affairs and Family Planning
Badrunnessa Ahmed was also appointed as Education Minister 1973-75.
Deputy Chairperson of Economic Planning Council Shirley Kuo Wang-jung,
1977-79 Deputy Chairperson of the Council of Economic Planning Development
1988-90 Minister of Finance
1990-93 Minister of State and Chairperson of Council of Economic Development
1993-98 Minister of State (Third in the Cabinet)
1998-99 Minister without Portfolio
1999-2000 Minister of State Third in Cabinet)
1974-87 Minister for Women's Questions Euphrasie Kandeke, Burundi
1974 Minister of Foreign Affairs Princess Elizabeth Rukidi Nyabongo,
Parliamentary Secretary of Community Development 1962-65 was F. Lubega
1974-77 Minister of Trade and Industry Dr. G.K.T. Chiepe
1977-84 Minister of Mines and Natural Resources
1984-94 Minister of External Affairs
1994-99 Minister of Education
Gaositwe Kogakwa Tibe was Ambassador to United Kingdom, Western Germany, France, European Communities, Denmark, Norway and Nigeria 1970-74. She retired after the 1999 elections. (b. 1926-)
Minister of Community
Development and Social Welfare Fern Favere
Najere Sadyalunda, Malawi
Jean M. Mlanga had been Parliamentary Secretary to the President 1966-circa 74
1974-89 Representative in Ministry of Finance
HRH Ashi Sonam
of Bhutan, Bhutan
1990-91 Minister of Finance
1991-96 Representative of the King in the Ministry of Finance
1991-94 Representative in Ministry of Agriculture
1992-97 Second in the Cabinet
1996-97 Minister of Finance
1997-98 Representative in Ministry of Agriculture
The Princess has been chairperson of the Royal Insurance Corporation since 1975, of Druk Air from 1980, of National Women's Association from 1981, of Royal Civil Service Commission and Royal Monetary Authority since 1982. Sister of the King, who was Chairman of the Council of Ministers until 1998, and like her sister, she is married to Dasho Thinley Dorji. (b.26.7.53-)
1974-76 Minister of
State of Public Works Clara Boscagli, San Marino
1978 Minister of State of the Interior and Justice
1986-90 Secretary of State of Finance and Budget
Appointed member of the Castel (city) Government of Pedini in 1957-64, Member of the Grand and General Council as one of the three first women 1974-90. 1979-84 Secretary General of Partito Democratico Cristiano. (b. 1930-)
1974-80 Minister of
Housing, Community Development, Local Government and Social Affairs,
Groups Needs, Cooperatives, the Provident Fund and Water Hon. Ives
Heraldine Rock, St. Lucia
Member of the Castries Town Board 1964-74 and became the first female MP 1974-. Also the first female vice-President of the United Worker’s Party.
1975-78 Minister of Culture
and Education Alda Neves da Graça do Espirito Santo, Sao
Tome e Principe
1978-80 Minister of Information and Social Affairs
1980-91 President of Asembleia Popular Naçional
As President of the National Assembly she was Deputy Head of State.
1975-86 Minister of
Education and Culture Graça Simbini Machel,
Also known as Grace Machel, she was a Commander in the Frelimo Freedom Fight/Guerilla Movement 1968-75, Circa 1994-96 Leader of the African Representation to the UNESCO in Geneve. Widow of President Machel (1975-86), who was killed in a plane-crash, From 1996 official companion of, and in 1998 married to President Nelson Mandela of South Africa (1918-1991-99-) on his 80th birthday. (b. 1945-).
1975 Deputy Premier
Minister Rema Kh. Svetlova, Armenia
Information about the Armenian government is incomplte. She was Vice-Chairperson of the Supreme Soviet 1975-89. First female post-independent minister was Nina Asmayan, who was Minister of Trade 1991-92.
1975-76 Minister of Women's Affairs, Prizes and Consumer's Affairs Hon. Radhamanay Roonoosarny, Mauritius
1975 and 1976-79 Substitute Member of the
Government Marianne Eliasson, Åland
Gunnevi Nordman was Minister of Education and Culture 1980-88 and Deputy Chief of the Government
1976-2000 Minister of Culture Dr. Naja Al-Attar, Syria
1976-78 Minister of Communication Leosak Sombatsiri, Thailand
1976-78 Minister of Universities Prof. Wimonsiri Chamnawet, Thailand
1976-78 Minister of Labour and Social
Tina Anselmi, Italy
1978-79 Minister of Health
Angela Maria Guidi Cingolani was the first woman to be appointed as Undersecretary. She was in charge of Industry and Trade 1951-53.
Minister of Health and Insurance The Hon.
Billie Antoniette Miller
1981-86 Minister of Education
1985-86 Minister of Culture
1986-90 Leader of the Opposition Business in the Senate
1994-2001 Leader of the House
1994-2003 Deputy Prime Minister
1994- Minister of Foreign Affairs
1994-95 Minister of Foreign Trade and International Business
1995-99 Minister of Tourism and International Transport
1999- Minister of Foreign Trade
2003- Senior Minister
Before her Odessa Gittens was Parliamentary Secretary of Education 1966-71.
1976-79 Minister of Social Welfare
Fatima Abd el-Mahoud, Sudan
El-Mahoud was Deputy Minister in 1972 and Minister of State 1875-76. The first government menber was Deputy Minister of Youth and Sport Nafisah Ahmad al-Amin 1971-72.
1976-80 Minister of Social Services Hon. Albena
1984-85 Minister of Education and Second in the Cabinet
A renouned educator and lived (1920-85).
1977-91 Minister of Revolutionary Art and Culture Gisèle Rabesahala, Madagascar
Circa 1988-91 Second in cabinet, circa 1960-90 Secretary General of the Communist Party, AKFM, from 1995 Co-leader of Congres de l’independence du Madagaskar. 1997-98 Non-permanent Councillor of the Premier Minister and 2001-02 Vice-President of the Senate. (b. 1929-)
Minister of Corrective Institutions and Liquor Licensing
Papua New Guinea
1979 Minister of Justice
1980-82 Minister of Decentralization
1985-87 Minister of Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation
MP 1977-87 and in 1985 one of the Cofounders of the People's Democratic Movement and Party Secretary General until 1987. 2004 she was candidate for the post of Governor-General, who is elected by the Parliament. (b. 1945-)
1977-? Minister of Health Moomina Haleem, Maldive Islands
1977-83 Member of the Executive Council in Charge of Social Welfare and Education M. Peters, St. Helena
1978-circa 83 Minister
of Women's Participation Christina Ndjombe Ndjangani,
1991-94 Minister of Women and Social Affairs
1978-81 Minister of Social Affairs Caroline Diop Faye,
1981-83 Minister-Delegate by the Premier Minister
1982-83 Minister of State (Third in Cabinet)
Between 1971-circa 84 Deputy President of the National Assembly.
1978 Minister of
Welfare Ruth Chicas Redón de Sosa, Guatamala
One woman was apparently member of the cabinet as Secretary of Social Affairs in 1971.
1978-82 Minister of Justice and Keeper of the Seals Bibi Yao Savi de Tore, Togo
1978-81 Minister of Social
Affairs, Health and Women Biyémi Kekeh, Togo
Ambassador to Cuba In 1981-82 and 1982-83 Ambassador to The United Nations
1979-83/84 Minister of National Planning Chief Adenike Ebun Oyagbola, Nigeria
1979 Minister of Social Affairs Margarita Cedeños de Armijos, Ecuador
of the Public Service Commission Marie Maddison,
1980s Secretary of Social Service
1980s Secretary of Health
Circa 1992-94 Secretary of Education
1999-2002 Secretary of Foreign Affairs and Trade
As Foreign Secretary she is Deputy the Minister of Foreign Affairs. Evelyn Konou was Minister of Health Services and Environment 1993-94 and of Education 1994-97.
1980-86 Minister of Social Affairs and Women Antoniette Oliveira, Gabon
of Labour and Housing Siegmien Staphorst,
1980 Minister of Social Affairs and Housing
1980-82 Minister of Social Affairs Inamal al-Mufti, Jordan
Minister of Youth, Sport and Recreation Joyce Wachunu Mujuru,
1980-85 Minister of Community Development and Women's Affairs
1985-88 Minister of State by the Prime Minister
1988-92 Minister of Community Development, Cooperatives and Women’ Affairs
1992-96 Resident Minister and Governor of Mashonaland Central
1996-97 Minister of Information, Post and Telecommunication
1997- Minister of Rural Resources and Water Development
2001 Acting Minister of Defence (June-August)
A general during the anti-colonial under the name of Teurai-Ropa Nhongo. Also ZANU-Party Secretary of Education. In 2004 there is lobbying under way to have her named Vice-President of the Party and thereby also of the State and Government.
1980-84 Member of Executive Council Mary Jennings, Falkland Islands
1980-2000 President of the Public
Health, Sea Fisheries and Pilotage Committees Beatrice Caroline Bell,
1992 - Deputy Seigneur
Member of Chief Pleas as tenant of L'Ecluse on the death of her mother, Jehanne Bell. After she retired from the Chief Pleas 2002 she continues as Deputy Seigneur sitting in Chief Pleas in the absence of the Seigneur. (Deputy President of the Chief of Pleas)
1981-83 Minister of Health and Social Affairs Carmen Pereira, Guinea Bissau
1984-89 President of Assembléia Nacional Popular
1984 Acting Head of state (14.5.-16.5.84)
1989-94 Member the Council of State
1990-91 Minister of State (Deputy Premier) for Social Affairs
Member of the African Party for the Independence of Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde (PAIGC) since 1962 and later Political Commissioner for the Southern Front. Only female member of the 24 member Comité Executivo da Luta (CEL). In 1973-84 Deputy President of Assembléia Nacional Popular, 1975-80 President of the Parliament of Cap Verde (which was in union with Guinea Bissau at the time).She acted as head of state after João Bernardo Viera, Head of state since 1980 was elected President in 1984. In 1999 he was deposed after a military coup d’Etat.(b. 1937-)
1981-83 Minister of
Culture Manical Mastura Ali Salem, Zanzibar
1983-90 Minister of Health
Ca.1982-86 Minister of Social Affairs Maria Mambo Café, Angola
1986-88 Vice- Premier, Minister of State for the Economic and Social Sphere
She has been the first female Vice-Minister, and in charge of Internal Trade 1977-78.
1982 Secretary of State of Social Affairs Z'hour Ounissi,
1984-86 Minister of Social Affairs
1986-88 Minister of Education (And third in the Cabinet)
Parliamentary Secretary of Health, Labour and Social Welfare Nymasata
Sameh Bojang, The Gambia
The country’s first female parliamentary candidate and the first MP. After her resignation in 1987 there were no female candidates until 1996.
Circa 1982-91 Minister of Social Affairs, Housing and Unity Huguette Hong-Kiou, French Polynesia
From circa 1996 Parliamentary Leader of the Tahoeraa Huiraatira Party and Vice-President of the Permanent Commission of the Assembly 1999-2002
1982-84 Member of the Council of Government Yvonne Hnada, Nouvelle Caledonie
1982-circa 85 Minister Nema Ould al-Joumani, Western Sahara
1983-86 Minister of
Family and Women Fatthia Mzali, Tunesia
Wife of Prime Minister Mohammed Mzali, who was in office 1980-86. She is (b. 1927-).
1983 Minister of Internal Affairs and
Postmistress General Fanaura Kingstone, Cook Islands
First female MP in 1983.
1983-84 Minister of
Social Conditions Agnete Johanne Davidsen,
Since 1989 Deputy Chairperson of Siumut (Social Democrats), 1991-93 Deputy Mayor, 1993- Mayor of Nuuk (The Capital), member of the Landsting 1995-97.(b. 1943-)
1983-86 Minister of
Community Services Eleanore B. Read, Norfolk
Member of the Legislative Assembly 1983-86.
Councillor of Justice and Police Elisabeth Kopp,
1989 Vice-President of the Federation (1.1-12.1.89)
Between 1974-75 President of the Grossrat (Grand Council) of Zürich, Had to resign from the government because of a scandal of which she was later cleared in court. (b. 1934-)
1984-92 Minister of Women's Affairs Hon. Constance V. Mitcham,
St. Kitts and Nevis
1986 Acting Minister of Education
1987 Acting Minister of Labour, Tourism and Education
1989-92 Minister of Health and Labour
1989 Acting Minister of Education
1992 Minister of Health and Tourism
1994-95 Minister of Health, Labour and Women's Affairs
Sometime Acting Prime Minister. Also served as High Court Registrar and Chief Magistrate (Trial Judge) in the British Virgin Islands, and Senior Magistrate in the Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis and now heads a privated Law firm. (b. 1947-)
1984-89 Minister of
Finances, Trade and Environment
Jóngerð Purkhús, Faeroes
1989-91 Minister of Economy, Statistics, Transport and Justice
Llater worked as Assistant Secretary of Budget in the Ministry of Economy.
1984-93 Vice-Government Councillor for
Social Affairs Maria Foser, Liechtenstein
Dr. Andrea Willi was Government Councillor for External Relations, Culture, Youth, Sport Family and Equal Opportunities 1993-2001 and Dr. Cornelia Gassner-Mott was Government Councillor for Constructions and Traffic 1993-97.
1985-89 and 1993-94 Minister for Public Service Mercé Sansa Renyer, Andorra
1985-86 Undersecretary of Administration Adelina Carvalho, Macao
1986-90 Minister of Home Affairs Rita Sinon, Seychelles
1986-90 Minister of State of
Youth & Women's Affairs Anna
Matlehma Hlalele, Leshoto
1990-92 Minister of State by the Chairperson of the Military Council
1992-93 Minister of State of Youth and Women's Affairs
Morena Moletsone G. Mokroane was Minister of Trade and Industry 1990-92.
1986-89 Minister of Finance Ruby Sednja, Narau
1987-89 Minister-Delegate of Local Government &
Housing Libertine Appolus Amathila,
1989-96 Minister of Local Government and Lands
1995-96 Minister of Regional Government and Housing
1996- Minister of Health and Social Service
1987-93 Minister of Health Senator Hon. Dr. Fanny Friedman,
Between 1957-68 Medical Officer, 1968-72 Principal Secretary and 1972-79 Director of Medical Service in the Ministry of Health, 1983-87 Member of the House of Assembly, 1987-ca.97 Senator. (b. 1926-)
1987-98 Cabinet Member and
Governor of the Central Bank Pany Yathotou, Laos
In 1998 she became member of the National Assembly and since 2001 Chairperson of the Committee of Ethnic Affairs and Deputy Chairperson of the Assembly.
Minister of Culture Adi Litai Cakobau,
Adi Losalini Dovi was Assistant Minister of Urban Development, Housing, Labour, Social Welfare and Local Development in 1976.
and 1989-90 Minister of Education
Cabanillas Bustamente, Peru
Graciela Fernandez-Baca Calderón de Valdez was Vice-Minister of State, Chief Statistics and Census in 1980-87.
1988-91 Minister of
State of Community Development Dr. Seet Ai Mee,
1991 Acting Minister of Community Development
She lost her seat in the Parliamentary elections shortly after her appointment to the Cabinet. (b. 1943-)
1988-91 Chief Islander Anne Green,
Tristan da Cunha (St. Helena)
2003- Chief Islander (27.10-)
2003 Acting Administrator (November-December)
As Acting Administrator she was the representative of the British Governor of St. Helena. Her brother, James Glass, was Chief Islander from 1994. Married to Joseph Green.
1989-93 Minister of Health and Social
Affairs Dra. Maria Cyntia Prieto Conti de Alegre,
1989-93 Member of the State Council
Minister of Information and Co-ordination Rosemarie Nazan,
The first Undersecretary of National Education was appointed in 1946 and the first Secretary of State in 1986.
1989-91 Minister of Social Affairs and Women Aïssata Moumouni,
1996-99 Minister of National Education
1997-99 Minister of State
The first women in the government was Garba Sidikou, who was Deputy Minister of Youth, Sport and Culture in 1974.
Minister of Education Culture, Youth & Women's Affairs Yvonne Francis-Gibson,
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
1994-96 Minister of Health
1996-98 Minister of Environment
1998 Minister of State in the Prime Ministers Office responsible for Civil Service Matters
Minister of Planning and Coordination of Economic and Social Development Lic.
Mirna Liévano de Márques Márquez,
Several women were Vice-Ministers before her appointment, the first was Subsecretary of Health Maria Julia Castillo Rodas, who was in office 1974-81.
1989 Minister of Public Health Rafiatou Karimou, Benin
2003- Minister of Primary and Secondary Education
President of the Parliament Group of Parti de Nation et Developpement 1999-2003. (b. 1946-)
Minister of Health and Welfare The Hon. Dr. Rika Venter,
Also member of the Minister's Council in the House of Representatives for Health and Social Welfare. (b. 1938-)
1989-96 Minister of
Administration and Budget Sandra Sumang Pierantozzi,
2001 Minister for Administration
2001- Minister of Health
In 1992 she was candidate for Vice-President and from 1996 senator and Floor Leader
1989-94 Minister of Education Fatima Abkul Abd al-Hafiz Mukhtar, Libya
1989-93 Minister of Local Government, Education
and Health Naama Sopeta Maheu Laatasi, Tuvalu
Between 1989-circa 99 Member of Nanumea Island Parliament and Responsible for Education, Culture, Women's Affairs, Youth, Sport, Community Affairs, Non-Governmental Organizations, Museums, Libraries and Arichives.1989-99 the first and only female MP. Wife of former Premier Kamuta Laatasi. (In 1999 a second female MP was elected)
1989-95 Commissioner for Taxes, Revenue
Harmonization and Consumer Policies Christiane
Scrivener, European Union
French 1976-78 Secretary of State of Trade for Consumers' protection (b. 1925- ).
1990-94 Minister of Education Jetsu
Pema, Tibet Government in Exile
Sister of the XIVth Daila Lama. (1935/39-).
1991- Minister of Justice
Fawziyya Hashim, Eritrea
Her given name is also transcribed as Fozia.
1991- Minister of Culture, Youth and Sports
Matai Fiame Naomi Mulinu’u MATA’AFA, Samoa
1995- Minister of Education
1995-2001 Minister of Labour
1997-2001 Second in Cabinet
2001- Third in Cabinet
She is the daughter of the country’s first Premier Hon. Fiame MATA’AFA Faumuina Mulinu’u (1959-70 and 1973-75) and Laulu Fetauimalemau MATA’AFA who was appointed High Commissioner to New Zealand in 1999 after having been Consul General to New Zealand for 10 years.
1991-93 Secretary of State
for Fisheries Dra. Maria Helena
Nobre de Morais Querido Semedo, Cape Verde
1993-94 Minister for Fisheries, Agriculture and Rural Development
1993-97 Minister Coordinator of CILSS
1995-98 Minister of the Sea
1998-2001 Minister of Tourism and Transport and Marine Affairs
1991-92 Secretary of
State for Population and Women's Affairs Mahamed Sittou
Radhadat, Comoro Islands
1992-93 High Commissioner Responsible for Women's Affairs
1993-94 Minister of Social Affairs, Labour and Employment
1995 Minister of Social Affairs, Employment and Works
1991-2000 Undersecretary of Information Amat Al-Aleem Alsoswa,
2003-05 Minister of Human Rights
Ambassador to The Netherlands 2000-2003 and non-resident ambassador to Norway, Sweden and Denmark 2001-03. Assistant Secretary-General of the UN from 2005. Other transcriptions of her surmae is al-Alim al-Suswah.
1991- Undersecretary of Higher Education Sheika Rasha as-Sabakh, Kuwait
Vice-Rector of University of Kuwait 1985-91, She is daughter of Sheik Mahomoud Al-Jabir As-Sabakh. Massouma al-Mubarak became Minister of Planning and Administrative Development 2005.
1991-94 Minister of Natural Resources Arabella Smith,
Turks and Caicos Islands
1994-96 Minister of Education, Youth Development and Sport
1991 Minister of Education Woizero Mary Tadesso, Ethiopia
Youdith Imre was Assistant Minister
and Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs 1966-75.
Youdith Imre was Assistant Minister
and Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs 1966-75.
1991-95 Minister of Rural Water Supply and Health Motarilavoa
1993 Acting Minister of External Affairs and Tourism
1996 Minister of Justice, Culture and Women’s Affairs (Oktober-November)
From 1987 the first and so far only female MP. In 1996 she was replaced in the government by her brother ex-premier Father Walter Lini (1942-1982-90-99), she resigned from the National Party and founded her own party, the Tu Vanuatu kominiti, The Vanuatu Movement. In 2000 Director of the Pacific Concerns Resource Center, part of Nuclear Free and Independent Pacific Movement, NFIP. (Motarilavoa seems to be a chiefly title that she might have inherited from her brother). There were no female MPs until 2004 when two women were elected to Parliament, but none were appointed to the government.
1991-93 Minister-Plenipotentiary in The
Netherlands Ella Tromp-Yarzagargay,
1993-94 Minister of Finance with responsibility for Public Works and Public Health
2001-06 Minister-Plenipotentiary in The Netherlands
1993-94 Minister of Energy, Mines and Minerals Hon. Hilda Thugea Kari,
1997-2000 Minister of Forestry, Environment and Conservation
2000 and 2000-01 Minister of Youth, Women and Sport
2000 Minister of Lands and Housing
Hilda Kari was MP 1991-2001. She is married to former Premier Solomon Kari, and mother of 3 sons and 1 daughter. (b. 1949-)
1993-95 Minister of
Economy and Finance Onur Boman, Tyrkish Republic
of Northern Cyprus
1998-99 Minister of Labour and Rehabilitation
From 1978-93 Under-Secretary in the Ministries of Economy and Finance and of the Prime Minister, Advisor and Under-Secretary of the Presidency, MP since 1993. (1941- )
1993-99 Minister of Environment, Education, Cultural- and Ethnic Arts,
Religion, Sports and Youth Affairs O’Love Tauveve Jacobsen,
MP since 1993.When the premier lost his seat in the Assembly in 1999 she was candidate for the post of Premier. In 2000 she was elected Vice-Chairperson of the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association
Minister of Health
Nur Ilmi Uthman, Somalia
The first of several Assistant Ministers was Fadumo Ahmed Alin, who was in charge of Education Circa 1974-82.
1994-97 High Commissioner for Handicapped Prof. Aziza Bennani,
1997-98 Secretary of State of Culture
In 1981 Doyenne of the Faculty of Letters and Humanities of the Mahamédia University, since 1999 Ambassador to UNESCO and Chairperson of the Executive Board of UNESCO since 2001. (b. 1943-)
Minister of Social Affairs Intisar al-Wazir,
Widow after the second-in-command of PLO Abu Jihad, who was murdered 1988. Resigned from the cabinet in protest over cuts in her department’s budget.
Deputy Minister/Undersecretary for Development in Ministry of National
2004- Minister of Tourism Rajiha bint Abdul Ameer Bin Ali, Oman
1995-Ambassador-at-Large and Second in Command of the Foreign Princess Hajah Masna
of Brunei, Brunei
1997 Acting Minister of Foreign Affairs
1998 (March-April) Acting Minister of Foreign Affairs
1999 Acting Minister of Foreign Affairs
2000 (November) Acting Minister of Foreign Affairs (Head of the APEC Summit)
2001 Acting Minister of Foreign Affairs (Head of Delegation to ASEM Summit)
2002 (January) Acting Minister of Foreign Affairs
2003 (June) Acting Minister of Foreign Affairs (Head of Delegation to ASEAN Summit)
2004 (June/July) Acting Minister of Foreign Affairs (Head of Delegation to ASEAN Summit)
In 1975 Commander of the Women’s Police Corps and other posts. Acting Foreign Minister on various other occasions. She is the sister of HM Sultan Hassanal Bolkian Muizzaddin of Brunei.
1995-98 Minister of National Heritage, Culture and
Social Affairs Winnie Nyiva Kitili Mwendw, Kenya
She was Assistant Minister of Public Works and Housing 1992-95. The first female Assistant Minister Dr. Julia Ojiambo, in the department of Housing and Social Services.
1996-ca.98 Deputy Minister
of Finance Seada Curcic-Selimanic, Federation of
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Behija Hadzihajdarevic was Minister of Agriculture, Water Management and Forestry 2001-03.
1996-2003 Undersecretary at the Ministry of Education and Higher Education Sheikha Ahmad Al-Mahmoud, Qatar
2003- Minister of Education
1996-98 Minister of Education
Secretary to the Commissioner 1958-64 Clerk of the Executive Council and Clerk of the Legislative 1964-84 and Speaker of the Legislative Assembly 1991-96. (b. 1928-)
1996-98 Minister of Information Svetlana Siljegović, Srpska
1996-2000 Secretary for Health, Social Security and Environment Judy Michelle Bobb, Tobago
Circa 1996- Deputy Minister of
Education Aysha al-Sayaar, United Arab Emirates
In 2004 Sheikha Lubna al-Qassemi was appointed Minister of Economic Planning
1997- Minister of Health, Culture, women and Community Affairs, Youth and Sports Hon. Jean C. Nisbett-Harris, Nevis
1998-2002 Secretary of
Finance Lucy Dlg. Nielsen, Northern Mariana Islands
(First name also written as Lucia)
Minister-Delegate by the Premier Minister in charge of the Promotion of
Women, Family Welfare and Social Affairs
2005- Minister-Delegate of Foreign Affairs, charged with Co-operation Hawa Ahmad Youssouf, Djibouti
1999 Minister of Municipalities Kafia Kareem, Kurdistan
1999-2003 Minister of
Reconstruction and Development Nasreen Mustafa Sadiq, Kurdistan
From 2003 Minister in the central government of Iraq.
1999- Minister of Public Works and Housing
Nazaneen Muhammad Wasu, Kurdistan
2000- Under-Secretary and Assistant of the Minister of Labour and Social Affairs Shaika Hind bint Sulman Al-Khalifa, Bahrain
Nada Abbas Haffadh was Minister of Health 2004-07.
Attorney-General Gertel Thom,
Antigua and Barbuda
Deputy Solicitor-General for Antigua and Barbuda, Attorney-General of Montserrat and Chief Legal Advisor to the Governor 1990-96. As Antiguan Attorney-General she was Second in the Cabinet
2001 East Timor - various women in the cabinet
2002-03 Minister of Family Welfare and Social
Development Edna Adan Ismail, Somaliland
2003- Minister of Foreign Affairs
2004- Under-Secretary for
the Congegration for Institutes of Consecrated Life Sister
Enrica Rosanna, The Vatican State
She is the number three in the Ministry responsible for religious orders. Each congregation is headed by a cardinal with a secretary as second-in-command (b. 1944-).
2004-05 Minister of Industry Leila Solh,
Daughter of former Prime Minister Riad Solh and aunt of the billionaire Prince Walid Bin Talal of Saudi Arabia
2004-05 Minister of State of Health Wafaa Hamza,
A Shiite close to the Speaker of Parliament Nabih Berri
2006- Attorney General and Minister of Justice
Malia Viviena Numia Afeaki Taumoepeau, Tonga
Three women were Acting Ministers in 2004.
2009- Deputy Minister of Education for Women's Affairs Norah al-Faiz, Saudi Arabia
2009-11 Government Councillor of Finance and Economy
Sophie Thevenoux, Monaco
Former Director General of the Department
Last update 11.11.1´4